Ukraine After Yanukovych. YaleGlobal. David R. Cameron. February 27, 2014.
In November, Ukraine’s President Viktor Yanukovych rejected signing an Association Agreement with the European Union and later negotiated a bailout deal with Russia. Months of protests led to a week of violence and culminated in Yanukovych’s removal from office. The parliament moved swiftly to reorganize: demobilizing the police, firing most of the government ministers, and electing Oleksandr Turchynov as acting president. The country faces a multitude of challenges, explains David R. Cameron, political science professor and director of the Yale European studies program. The new government must establish itself as the legitimate authority throughout the country, including the eastern and southern regions that have strong ties with Russia. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[HTML format, various paging].
Engaging Tomorrow’s Consumer Project Report 2014. World Economic Forum. February 21, 2014.
Business leaders worldwide recognize that changing consumer attitudes and behaviour around sustainability within a rapidly evolving marketplace presents considerable challenges. The report researches the key question “How can companies engage consumers to trigger simple behavioural shifts that enable more sustainable lifestyles, grow demand for more sustainable products and create business value?” [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 4 pages, 1.33 MB].
Countering Others’ Insurgencies: Understanding U.S. Small-Footprint Interventions in Local Context. RAND Corporation. Stephen Watts et al. February 25, 2014.
The report describes counterinsurgency strategies and practices and conditions in which U.S. “small-footprint” partnerships may succeed. Successful U.S. operations have been concentrated in favorable conditions, but most insurgencies occur in worst-case conditions. Case studies of the Philippines and Pakistan reinforce findings of the analysis and highlight challenges for the U.S. in trying to influence partners. The authors provide recommendations are offered for managing troubled partnerships. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
http://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/research_reports/RR500/RR513/RAND_RR513.sum.pdf Summary [PDF format, 12 pages, 0.1 MB].
http://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/research_reports/RR500/RR513/RAND_RR513.pdf Full Text [PDF format, 254 pages, 1.3 MB].
Is Geography Destiny? A Primer on North American Relations. Wilson Center. February 2014.
At a time when nearly all of the key issues facing North America are being understood and addressed either independently by the United States, Canada and Mexico, or within the dual-bilateral framework of U.S.-Mexico and U.S.-Canada relations, the report attempts to view these challenges and opportunities through a trilateral lens. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 73 pages, 3.13 MB].
Liberty, Equality, Connectivity: Transatlantic Cybersecurity Norms. Center for Strategic & International Studies. James Andrew Lewis. February 25, 2014.
According to Lewis, Europe and the United States have a collective interest in the promotion of a stable international order based on the rule of law, open and equitable arrangements for trade, and a commitment to democratic government and individual rights. These interests face renewed challenges in a complex global political environment.[Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 15 pages, 292.7 KB].
Higher Education Earnings Premium: Value, Variation, and Trends. Urban Institute. Sandy Baum. February 24, 2014.
Postsecondary education leads to significant financial benefits for most students, and average earnings premiums have grown over time. However, there is considerable variation in outcomes across individuals, types of credentials, occupations, and geographical locations. The brief discusses some of the different ways the financial benefits of higher education can be measured and documents the high average payoff to college degrees. It emphasizes the importance of recognizing that this high payoff does not eliminate disappointing outcomes for some individuals, while highlighting the fact that focusing on recent college graduates leads to under-estimation of the returns. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 14 pages, 694.5 MB].
The Debt Limit Since 2011. Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress. D. Andrew Austin. February 18, 2014.
Total federal debt can increase in two ways. First, through debt increases when the government sells debt to the public to finance budget deficits and acquire the financial resources needed to meet its obligations. This increases debt held by the public. Second, through debt increases when the federal government issues debt to certain government accounts, such as the Social Security, Medicare, and Transportation trust funds, in exchange for their reported surpluses. This increases debt held by government accounts. The sum of debt held by the public and debt held by government accounts is the total federal debt. Surpluses reduce debt held by the public, while deficits raise it.
[PDF format, 23 pages, 417.67 KB].