The Islamic World and the West: Recovering Common History

The Islamic World and the West: Recovering Common History. YaleGlobal. Nayef Al-Rodhan. July 15, 2014.

One out of five people in the world are Muslim, and many Europeans express fear about growing numbers of Muslim migrants. “Islam in Europe tends to be viewed as not only a recent, but also a foreign and threatening presence,” explains Nayef Al-Rodhan. “Europe and the Arab-Islamic world have brushed shoulders for centuries, and their histories are inextricably linked.” Europe tends to overlook historical contributions from the Arab-Islamic world. “Pushing immigrant communities to shed cultural frameworks only encourages these communities towards counterproductive defensive postures,” Al-Rodhan writes. Acknowledgement of the shared heritage and mutual contributions , not simply with trade but in mathematics, scientific inquiry and art, could counter the emerging narratives that Islam is dangerous for Europe and Muslims lack enthusiasm for innovation. Such acknowledgement alone will not ensure security, Al-Rodhan concludes, and good governance may not necessarily follow western liberal democratic traditions. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[HTML format, various paging].

Lessons from the States: Responsible Prison Reform

Lessons from the States: Responsible Prison Reform. Urban Institute. Nancy G. La Vigne. July 15, 2014.

In the testimony before the House Judiciary Committee’s Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, Homeland Security and Investigations, Urban’s Director of the Justice Policy Center, Nancy La Vigne, highlights the lessons learned from responsible prison reform in the states and discusses the federal prison system, its challenges and opportunities for reform. She also discusses the importance of both front- and back-end changes to yield meaningful and lasting reforms. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 17 pages, 273.02 KB].

Gaza and Israel: New Obstacles, New Solutions

Gaza and Israel: New Obstacles, New Solutions. International Crisis Group. July 14, 2104.

To break the violent impasse, Israel must change its policy toward Hamas and work toward a lasting ceasefire, recognising how much its own stability depends on the stability of Gaza, says to the report. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 12 pages, 1.33 MB].

On the Path to Equity: Improving the Effectiveness of Beginning Teachers

On the Path to Equity: Improving the Effectiveness of Beginning Teachers. Alliance for Excellent Education. Mariana Haynes. July 17, 2014.

Roughly half a million U.S. teachers either move or leave the profession each year, attrition that costs the United States up to $2.2 billion annually. This high turnover rate disproportionately affects high-poverty schools and seriously compromises the nation’s capacity to ensure that all students have access to skilled teaching, according to the report. To curb turnover, especially among new teachers, the report recommends a comprehensive induction program comprised of multiple types of support, including high-quality mentoring, common planning times, and ongoing support from school leaders. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 19 pages, 653.22 KB].

Moving Up or Standing Still? Access to Middle-Skilled Work for Newly Arrived Migrants in the European Union

Moving Up or Standing Still? Access to Middle-Skilled Work for Newly Arrived Migrants in the European Union. Migration Policy Institute.Meghan Benton et al. June 2014.

The global economic crisis and changing migration patterns in Europe bring up questions about how well immigrants are able to find employment and progress into better jobs over time. This overview report caps a series of six country case studies evaluating the employment outcomes for foreign-born workers during their first decade in the Czech Republic, France, Germany, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 30 pages, 4.05 MB].

Net Threats

Net Threats. Pew Research Internet Project. July 3, 2014.

As Internet experts look to the future of the Web, they have a number of concerns. This is not to say they are pessimistic: The majority of respondents to this 2014 Future of the Internet canvassing say they hope that by 2025 there will not be significant changes for the worse and hindrances to the ways in which people get and share content online today. And they said they expect that technology innovation will continue to afford more new opportunities for people to connect. Still, some express wide levels of concern that this yearning for an open Internet will be challenged by trends that could sharply disrupt the way the Internet works for many users today as a source of largely unfettered content flows. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 40 pages, 533.44 KB].

Strengthening Refugee Protection and Meeting Challenges: The European Union’s Next Steps on Asylum

Strengthening Refugee Protection and Meeting Challenges: The European Union’s Next Steps on Asylum. Migration Policy Institute. Madeline Garlick. June 2014.

With the European Council meeting in late June 2014 to adopt strategic guidelines on asylum and migration policy, amid strains resulting from Syrian refugee migration and other flows, this MPI Europe policy brief identifies challenges and proposes a forward course. The brief recommends increased engagement by Member States in practical cooperation as a way to strengthen implementation and consolidation of existing EU laws and achieve more consistent asylum decision-making. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 12 pages, 1.52 MB].