Policies to Support Immigrant Entrepreneurship

Policies to Support Immigrant Entrepreneurship. Migration Policy Institute. Maria Vincenza Desiderio. August 2014.

Although immigrants are more likely to start businesses than their native-born peers, immigrant businesses have significantly lower survival rates. The report examines the obstacles facing immigrant entrepreneurs and offers policy recommendations for local and national governments looking to more fully reap the benefits of immigrant entrepreneurship. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

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The Opportunities of Digitizing Payments

The Opportunities of Digitizing Payments. World Bank Development Research Group. August 28, 2104.

According to the report, digitizing payments and remittances is vital to achieving G20 goals. The G20’s focus on financial inclusion directly contributes to its core goal of achieving strong, sustainable, and balanced growth. Studies show that broader access to and participation in the financial system can reduce income inequality, boost job creation, accelerate consumption, increase investments in human capital, and directly help poor people manage risk and absorb financial shocks. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 20 pages, 1.43 MB].

The 2014 Ebola Outbreak: International and U.S. Responses

The 2014 Ebola Outbreak: International and U.S. Responses. Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress. Tiaji Salaam-Blyther. August 26, 2014.
In July 2014, two U.S. citizen health workers contracted Ebola in Liberia and were first provided medication that had shown promise in animal studies but that had not yet been tested in humans. They were evacuated to the United States to receive additional care. Debate in the United States has ensued regarding entry and exit rights of people infected with communicable diseases; whether the international community (including the United States) had responded early and effectively enough to contain the virus; the appropriate use of experimental drugs that had not yet been tested for human safety and effectiveness, including how to choose recipients of scarce and sometimes costly drug supplies and how to arrange dispensing to allow analysis of safety and effectiveness; and feasible approaches to accelerating drug and vaccine development and the scale-up of manufacturing capacity for investigational products.

[PDF format, 26 pages, 625.27 KB].

The Competitiveness of Cities

The Competitiveness of Cities. World Economic Forum. August 13, 2014.

Cities have been the engines of productivity and growth throughout history, and will be essential to the future growth and competitiveness of nations and regions. This is especially true at a time of massive and rapid urbanisation in emerging markets; hence, the focus on the competitiveness of cities. In the report, a four-part taxonomy of city competitiveness was developed, including (1) institutions, (2) policies and regulation of the business environment, (3) “hard connectivity”, and (4) “soft connectivity”. This has been applied to a “big basket” of 26 cities, with a mini case study on each; and to a “small basket” of seven cities, each of those with a full case study. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 60 pages, 1 MB].

Social Media and the ‘Spiral of Silence’

Social Media and the ‘Spiral of Silence’ Pew Research Internet Project. Keith Hampton et al. August 26, 2014.

A major insight into human behavior from pre-internet era studies of communication is the tendency of people not to speak up about policy issues in public, or among their family, friends, and work colleagues, when they believe their own point of view is not widely shared. This tendency is called the “spiral of silence.” Some social media creators and supporters have hoped that social media platforms like Facebook and Twitter might produce different enough discussion venues that those with minority views might feel freer to express their opinions, thus broadening public discourse and adding new perspectives to everyday discussion of political issues. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 44 pages, 724.72 KB].

Mainstreaming Immigrant Integration Policy in France: Education, Employment, and Social Cohesion Initiatives

Mainstreaming Immigrant Integration Policy in France: Education, Employment, and Social Cohesion Initiatives. Migration Policy Institute. Angeline Escafre-Doublet. August 2014.

In France, where integration initiatives are limited to an immigrant’s first five years in the country, “mainstreaming” is an intrinsic characteristic of integration policy. The report traces the history and recent developments of immigrant integration in France, and explores how policies aimed at the general population are benefiting immigrant youth. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

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Climate Change and Existing Law: A Survey of Legal Issues Past, Present, and Future

Climate Change and Existing Law: A Survey of Legal Issues Past, Present, and Future. Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress. Robert Meltz. August 20, 2014.

The report surveys existing law for legal issues that have arisen, or may arise in the future, on account of climate change and government responses thereto.

[PDF format, 42 pages, 514.21 KB].