The Immigrant Workforce in Germany: Formal and Informal Barriers to Addressing Skills Deficits. Migration Policy Institute. Stefan Speckesser. November 2013.
While immigrant workers in Germany face relatively few formal barriers to access training, the country’s highly institutionalized and regulated workforce development system creates a number of informal barriers, in part as a result of the central role of employers and occupational associations in the system. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 31 pages, 970.55 KB].
The Deepest Learners: What PISA Can Reveal About the Learning that Matters. Alliance for Excellent Education. Robert Rothman. December 3, 2013.
The report reveals that the United States struggles to produce top performers in reading, math, and science at the rates of its international peers. These students, who the report calls the “deepest learners,” demonstrate the deep understanding of content and the ability to apply knowledge to solve problems, think critically, and communicate effectively. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 21 pages, 996.62 KB]
Enhancing Value Chains. Center for Strategic & International Studies. Matthew P. Goodman. November 26, 2013.
Economic integration has been a focus of Asia-Pacific affairs for the last quarter century. To support and strengthen economic ties, governments in the region have pursued an array of integration initiatives, from the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum launched in 1989 to bilateral and regional trade negotiations currently underway. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 34 pages, 1.90 MB].
To End Our Days: The Social, Legal and Political Dimensions of the End-of-Life Debate. Pew Research Religion & Public Life Project. November 21, 2013.
In recent years, questions concerning the end of life have become the subject of intense public debate and disagreement. Legislatures and courts, religious leaders and scientists, citizens and patient advocates have all weighed in on issues ranging from whether the terminally ill should have the right to take their own lives to how much treatment and sustenance those in the last stages of life should receive. Much of the controversy centers on physician-assisted suicides, called “aid in dying” by some supporters, in which a terminally ill patient is able to end his or her own life with the help of medical professionals. In the last 20 years, four states, Oregon, Washington, Montana and Vermont, have legalized physician-assisted suicide, and at least a half dozen others have considered the issue. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
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Iran Approaches a “Gorbachev Moment”. YaleGlobal. Robert A. Manning. November 26, 2013.
The United States and Iran have reached a historic interim accord that would limit sanctons and Iranian nuclear enrichment, subject to IAEA inspections. Iran confronts a transformative moment, explains the author. Western sanctions have contributed to high inflation, unemployment and other economic woes for Iran. “Like Mikhail Gorbachev in 1985, Rouhani inherited economic catastrophe and ascended to power with a mandate to fix the economy and improve a tarnished standing in the world,” Manning writes. If verification proceeds and both parties act in good faith, the six-month accord could lead to a final deal. Iran has reason to pursue pragmatic policies, and the U.S. must ensure that region-wide security is the outcome. Neither side should risk flouting compromise. Active diplomacy is in play, and the biggest challenge for the two presidents is assuring skeptics at home and among allies. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
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The Evolving Value of Information Management: And Five Essential Attributes of the Modern Information Professional. Financial Times and Special Libraries Association. November 2013.
The report explores the evolving value of information management in today’s society. Reflecting the opinions of both information professionals (providers) and senior executives (users) worldwide, the aim is to identify the opportunities to enhance the value of information management to business and provide an actionable framework for the continuing success of the information function in any organisation. “Big data” and the proliferation of new technologies are shortening the time to an answer, and yet also causing many new challenges for both users and providers. Although this research shows contrasting perspectives between providers and users, many of the root causes of the issues are the same. Both suffer from information overload and spend too much valuable time filtering for information that is useful. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 35 pages, 2.92 MB].
Public Agrees on Obesity’s Impact, Not Government’s Role. Pew Research Center for the People & the Press. November 12, 2013.
Most Americans (69%) see obesity as a very serious public health problem, substantially more than the percentages viewing alcohol abuse, cigarette smoking and AIDS in the same terms. In addition, a broad majority believes that obesity is not just a problem that affects individuals: 63% say obesity has consequences for society beyond the personal impact on individuals. Just 31% say it impacts the individuals who are obese but not society more broadly. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 18 pages, 562.66 KB].