A Nation of Immigrants: A Portrait of the 40 Million, Including 11 Million Unauthorized

A Nation of Immigrants: A Portrait of the 40 Million, Including 11 Million Unauthorized. Pew Research Hispanic Center. January 29, 2013.

The nation’s total immigrant population reached a record 40.4 million in 2011, according to an analysis of Census Bureau data by the Pew Hispanic Center, a project of the Pew Research Center. Over the last decade, the number of immigrants in the U.S. has steadily grown. Since 2007 alone, the number of immigrants living in the U.S. increased by 2.4 million. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 8 pages, 372.93 KB].

Europe in North Africa – Recolonize or Rescue?

Europe in North Africa – Recolonize or Rescue? YaleGlobal. Jonathan Fenby. January 23, 2013.

Amid a severe currency crisis and other economic struggles, cooperation of the European Union, the very union itself, is being tested with the rise of Islamist radicalism in North Africa. France has forcefully intervened to assist Mali troops against extremists who have taken over the northern half of the country, demonstrating a willingness to attack civilians, destroy cultural icons and lash out at the government. For example, Islamist militants from several nations blamed Algeria for extending fly-over rights to French troops and stormed a natural gas plant in Amenas, taking and killing hostages before being overtaken by Algerian forces. So far, France leads the charge while Britain warns of a lengthy struggle, Germany is undecided and the U.S. is detached, expecting Europe to take the lead. Muslims represent nearly 10 percent of the French population, and most are from North Africa. Whether Europe commits to this fight against extremism hinges on domestic opinion – and whether Europeans regard this as rescue and support, or reimposition of colonialism, says Jonathan Fenby. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

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The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases. Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress. D. Andrew Austin and Mindy R. Levit. January 23, 2013.

Total federal debt can increase in two ways. First, debt increases when the government sells debt to the public to finance budget deficits and acquire the financial resources needed to meet its obligations. This increases debt held by the public. Second, debt increases when the federal government issues debt to certain government accounts, such as the Social Security, Medicare, and Transportation trust funds, in exchange for their reported surpluses. This increases debt held by government accounts. The sum of debt held by the public and debt held by government accounts is the total federal debt. Surpluses reduce debt held by the public, while deficits raise it.

[PDF format, 38 pages, 1.26 MB].

The Rise of ‘New Values Voters’: How 2012 Election Victories Chart a Values Landscape in 2013 and Beyond

The Rise of ‘New Values Voters’: How 2012 Election Victories Chart a Values Landscape in 2013 and Beyond. Center for American Progress. Catherine Woodiwiss. January 25, 2013.

Heading into the 2012 election season, few could have predicted that a group of nuns, a network of black churches, and a first-time networkwide voter-mobilization campaign would significantly shape the electoral terrain. But these groups were responsible for significant counternarrative victories for progressive values in 2012, accordng to the author. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 10 pages, 149.31 KB].

Investigative Reporting in Emerging Democracies: Models, Challenges, and Lessons Learned

Investigative Reporting in Emerging Democracies: Models, Challenges, and Lessons Learned. Center for International Media Assistance. Drew Sullivan. January 14, 2013.

In the past few years, there has been a renewed and perhaps greater emphasis in investigative reporting by the development world and donors. This stems from both the irresistible lure of supporting courageous investigative media that can oust a prime minister or drive out corruption and the pragamatic work of trying to find cost-effective ways to make real, sustainable improvements. The study examines the practices used by media development implementers and donors, both governmental and private, to spur investigative reporting in those parts of the world where they work. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 38 pages, 654.36 KB].

Measuring the Potential of Local Green Growth: An Analysis of Greater Copenhagen

Measuring the Potential of Local Green Growth: An Analysis of Greater Copenhagen. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Cristina Martinez-Fernandez et al. January 2013.

As the need to address the impacts of climate change becomes more urgent and the subsequent green momentum continues to gather pace, individual governments and companies are transitioning to a low-carbon economy. This transition to a low-carbon economic and industrial future is taking place in a highly uncertain and competitive marketplace. The paper presents a local ‘green growth’ indicator framework. It discusses results for the analysis of Copenhagen and its cleantech cluster. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 129 pages, 3.86 MB].

Fathers’ Leave, Fathers’ Involvement and Child Development

Fathers’ Leave, Fathers’ Involvement and Child Development. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Maria del Carmen Huerta et al. January 14, 2013.

Previous research has shown that fathers taking some time off work around childbirth, especially periods of leave of 2 or more weeks, are more likely to be involved in childcare related activities than fathers who do not do so. Furthermore, evidence suggests that children with fathers who are ‘more involved’ perform better during the early years than their peers with less involved fathers. This paper analyses, Australia; Denmark; United Kingdom; United States, to describe how leave policies may influence father’s behaviours when children are young and whether their involvement translates into positive child cognitive and behavioural outcomes. This analysis shows that fathers’ leave, father’s involvement and child development are related. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 68 pages, 1.01 MB].

Obama in Strong Position at Start of Second Term

Obama in Strong Position at Start of Second Term. Pew Research Center for the People & the Press. January 17, 2013.

As he prepares for his second inauguration, Barack Obama is in a stronger position with the public than he was over much of his first term. At 52%, his job approval rating is among the highest since the early months of his presidency. His personal favorability, currently 59%, has rebounded from a low of 50% in the fall campaign. And increasing percentages describe him as a strong leader, able to get things done and as someone who stands up for his beliefs. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 36 pages, 1.18 MB].

Cut to Invest: Create a “Race to the Shop” Competition for Advanced Manufacturing

Cut to Invest: Create a “Race to the Shop” Competition for Advanced Manufacturing. Brookings Institution. Bruce Katz and Peter Hamp. 14, January 2013.

A “Race to the Shop” competition for advanced manufacturing should be initiated in order to expedite the transition toward a more innovative, productive, inclusive, and globally competitive American economy. According to the authors, the competition would challenge U.S. states and metropolitan areas to align their policies and investments to meet the distinct labor demands of their primary advanced manufacturing sectors and clusters. Winning applicants would not only receive resources for planning and implementation, but also increased flexibility in the use of existing federal workforce development and skills training funds. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 11 pages, 747 KB].

Female Labor Supply: Why is the US Falling Behind?

Female Labor Supply: Why is the US Falling Behind? National Bureau of Economic Research. Francine D. Blau and Lawrence N. Kahn. January 2013.

In 1990, the U.S. had the sixth highest female labor participation rate among 22 OECD countries. By 2010, its rank had fallen to 17th. We find that the expansion of “family-friendly” policies including parental leave and part-time work entitlements in other OECD countries explains 28-29% of the decrease in U.S. women’s labor force participation relative to these other countries. However, these policies also appear to encourage part-time work and employment in lower level positions: U.S. women are more likely than women in other countries to have full time jobs and to work as managers or professionals. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 19 pages, 135 KB].