Middle Childhood Success and Economic Mobility. Center on Children and Families at Brookings. J. Lawrence Aber. February 15, 2013.
The study uses data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999 (ECLS-K) to analyze competencies that children need to master by the end of elementary school, the extent to which they are doing so, what might be done to improve their performance, and how this might affect their ultimate ability to earn a living and their chances of being middle class by middle age. Both academic skills and socio-emotional skills contribute to core competency. It measures core competence at age eleven using five outcomes: math skills, reading skills, self-regulation, behavior problems, and physical health. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 24 pages, 532 KB].