Unauthorized Immigrant Parents and Their Children’s Development. Migration Policy Institute. Hirokazu Yoshikawa and Jenya Kholoptseva. March 2013.
According to recent estimates, 5.5 million children in the United States, all but 1 million of them US-born, reside with at least one unauthorized immigrant parent. Given that they constitute about 8 percent of all U.S. children, their well-being holds important implications for U.S. society. Emerging research suggests that having an unauthorized immigrant parent is associated with lower cognitive skills in early childhood, lower levels of general positive development in middle childhood, higher levels of anxiety and depressive symptoms during adolescence, and fewer years of schooling. The report explores the research and suggests policies and programs to reduce or mitigate these developmental risks. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 28 pages, 2.78 MB].