The Dilemma of Desperation Migration. YaleGlobal. Joseph Chamie. November 14, 2013.
Poverty, conflict and overpopulation have historically forced migrants to pursue opportunity in wealthier nations. Modern migrants may have more options for low-cost travel, yet nations also have more organized registration, border surveillance and enforcement tools, explains Joseph Chamie, former director of the UN Population Division. Thus, transit countries face new pressures. The desperate in North Africa pay exorbitant fees to board dangerously small, overcrowded vessels launched from Libya and Tunisia and headed for Europe. Hundreds of migrants have died trying to reach Italy or Australia by boat, or on foot crossing deserts along the southern border of the United States. Host nations confront a dilemma in that aid adds another incentive for more people to try treacherous journeys. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
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