Multinational Overview of Cannabis Production Regimes

Multinational Overview of Cannabis Production Regimes. RAND Corporation. Beau Kilmer et al. December 23, 2013.

This study provides a multinational overview of cannabis production regimes, with a special focus on identifying and describing official statements and/or legal decisions made about production regimes for non-medical and non-scientific purposes. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 82 pages, 701.17 KB].

How Americans Value Public Libraries in Their Communities

How Americans Value Public Libraries in Their Communities. Pew Internet & American Life Project. Kathryn Zickuhr et al. December 11, 2013.
Americans strongly value the role of public libraries in their communities, both for providing access to materials and resources and for promoting literacy and improving the overall quality of life. Most Americans say they have only had positive experiences at public libraries, and value a range of library resources and services.[Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 44 pages, 959.76 KB].

On Pay Gap, Millennial Women Near Parity – For Now

On Pay Gap, Millennial Women Near Parity – For Now. Pew Research Social & Demographic Trends. December 11, 2013.

While the public sees greater workplace equality between men and women now than it did 20 to 30 years ago, most believe more change is needed. Among Millennial women, 75% say this country needs to continue making changes to achieve gender equality in the workplace, compared with 57% of Millennial men. Even so, relatively few young women (15%) say they have been discriminated against at work because of their gender. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 81 pages, 663.93 KB].

Confronting the Child Care Eligibility Maze

Confronting the Child Care Eligibility Maze. The Urban Institute. Gina Adams and Hannah Matthews. December 9, 2013.

The report helps states confront burdensome administrative processes that make it difficult for low-income families to get and keep child care benefits, and the cumulative challenges clients face in trying to access other benefits for which they are eligible (i.e. SNAP/Medicaid). Through concrete policy ideas and examples from states across the country, it offers an in-depth guide to help states not only simplify child care subsidy policies, but also to align child care policies with other work supports. With this information, states can identify strategies to improve service delivery for clients, while improving service delivery and reducing administrative burden. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 91 pages, 1.11 MB].

Back to Work : Growing with Jobs in Europe and Central Asia

Back to Work : Growing with Jobs in Europe and Central Asia. The World Bank. January 2014.

Creating more and better jobs has become a top priority for policy makers in Europe and Central Asia. The book addresses the timely questions of what steps countries can take to do just that, and how to make work opportunities accessible to all. These questions are examined through the lens of two factors that make most of the region unique: the legacy of centrally planned economies, which is related to progress with market economy reforms, and the region’s demographic shifts, with some countries’ populations aging rapidly while others experience youth bulges. The book underscores five key findings. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 440 pages, 30.8 MB].

Combating Global Poverty

Combating Global Poverty. Center for Strategic & International Studies. Conor M. Savoy. December 3, 2013.

Beginning in the 1970s, the United States steadily shifted the focus of its foreign assistance on meeting the basic human needs, public health, basic education, and food security, of the developing world; programs aimed at poverty reduction.This represented a marked shift from the early years of foreign aid when the United States concentrated on improving public administration, infrastructure development, and macroeconomic policy. This support for basic human needs has only intensified over the last 15 years as a series of presidential initiatives have targeted public health spending, basic education, and agricultural development. Governance, in its current form, emerged as a development focus in the 1990s. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 76 pages, 3.83 MB].

The United States and the Middle East: Avoiding Miscalculation and Preparing for Conflict

The United States and the Middle East: Avoiding Miscalculation and Preparing for Conflict. The Brookings Institution. Kenneth M. Pollack et al. December 5, 2013.

On September 11-12, 2013, the Saban Center at Brookings and the United States Central Command brought together analysts, officers and policymakers to discuss both new and enduring challenges facing the United States in the Middle East. The conference, The United States and the Middle East: Avoiding Miscalculation and Preparing for Conflict, explored the upheaval in key countries of the region resulting from the Arab uprisings, as well as longstanding conflicts and challenges. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 17 pages, 1.1 MB].

Property Taxes in the United States

Property Taxes in the United States. Urban Institute. Benjamin H. Harris and Brian David Moore. December 4, 2013.

This Tax Fact examines the property tax burden as a share of home value in the United States. Most counties have property tax burdens between 0.5 and 1.5 percent of home value. As a share of home values, counties in the Northeast, parts of the Midwest, and Texas tend to have higher property taxes relative to other counties. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 1 page, 132.92 KB].

NSA Spying: A Threat to US Interests?

NSA Spying: A Threat to US Interests? YaleGlobal. Bruce Stokes. December 5, 2013.

Reports that the U.S. National Security Agency has collected internet and telephone data in Europe could influence negotiations for a proposed Transatlantic Trade and Partnership and require new understanding on rules for the digital economy. Bruce Stokes reports on recent surveys: A majority of Americans suggest that it’s unacceptable for the United States to monitor phone calls of the leaders of allied nations; also, majorities in Germany, France, Sweden, the United States, though not in Britain, suggest that a nation’s surveillance of its own citizens’ telephone or internet data for security purposes is not justified. Majorities in Germany, French, and Sweden also do not find spying on citizens in other nations as justifiable. Favorable ratings of the United States are on the decline. Europeans now closely eye data collections by businesses and may consider regulations on cross-border transfers, while US companies point to potential economic benefits in detecting big-data secrets. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[HTML format, various paging].

Energy Policy: 113th Congress Issues

Energy Policy: 113th Congress Issues. Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress. Carl E. Behrens. November 29, 2013.

Energy policy in the United States has focused on three major goals: assuring a secure supply of energy, keeping energy costs low, and protecting the environment. In pursuit of those goals, government programs have been developed to improve the efficiency with which energy is utilized, to promote the domestic production of conventional energy sources, and to develop new energy sources, particularly renewable sources. Implementing these programs has been controversial. The 112th Congress did not take up comprehensive energy legislation, but numerous bills were considered on specific energy issues.

[PDF format, 10 pages, 218.72 KB].