Charter School Programs Authorized by the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA Title V-B): A Primer. Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress. Rebecca R. Skinner. April 22, 2014.
Charter schools are public schools of choice that are created in accordance with state laws and are publicly funded and tuition free. They are operated according to the terms of charters or contracts granted by public chartering agencies. The terms of charters typically provide charter school operators with increased autonomy over the operation of schools, often including exemptions from, or flexibility in the application of, many of the state or local regulations otherwise applicable to public schools. Enrollment in charter schools is normally open to applicants on a local educational agency (LEA)-wide or even statewide basis, and parents must actively choose to enroll their children in charter schools.
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