Cyborg Future Law Policy Implications

Cyborg Future Law Policy Implications. Brookings Institution. Benjamin Wittes and Jane Chong. September 5, 2014.

In June 2014, the Supreme Court handed down its decision in Riley v. California, in which the justices unanimously ruled that police officers may not, without a warrant, search the data on a cell phone seized during an arrest. Writing for eight justices, Chief Justice John Roberts declared that “modern cell phones . . . are now such a pervasive and insistent part of daily life that the proverbial visitor from Mars might conclude they were an important feature of human anatomy.” This may be the first time the Supreme Court has explicitly contemplated the cyborg in case law, admittedly as a kind of metaphor. But the idea that the law will have to accommodate the integration of technology into the human being has actually been kicking around for a while. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 28 pages, 1.3 MB].

Views of Job Market Tick Up, No Rise in Economic Optimism

Views of Job Market Tick Up, No Rise in Economic Optimism. Pew Research Center for the People & the Press. September 4, 2014.

For Americans, jobs are only part of the economic picture: 56% say their family’s incomes are falling behind the cost of living. That is about as many as said their incomes were falling behind in October 2008 (57%), during the Wall Street financial crisis. And 45% say they have experienced one or more serious financial hardships, such as a job layoff, an inability to pay for health care or trouble with a collection agency, over the past year. Among those with low family incomes (less than $30,000 a year), fully 66% have confronted at least one serious financial problem. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 24 pages, 505.59 KB].

More Prioritize Border Security in Immigration Debate

More Prioritize Border Security in Immigration Debate. Pew Research Center for the People & the Press. September 3, 2014.

As President Obama considers executive action to delay the deportation of millions of undocumented immigrants, the public’s priorities for U.S. immigration policy have shifted, with more people favoring a focus on better border security and tougher enforcement of immigration laws. The survey finds that 33% say the priority should be on better border security and tougher enforcement of immigration laws, while 23% prioritize creating a way for people in the U.S. illegally to become citizens if they meet certain conditions. About four-in-ten (41%) say both should be given equal priority. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 12 pages, 448.11 KB].

Living Room Connected Devices: Opportunities, Security Challenges and Privacy Implications for Users and Industry

Living Room Connected Devices: Opportunities, Security Challenges and Privacy Implications for Users and Industry. RAND Corporation. Neil Ribinson et al. September 2, 2014.

The report addresses the security and privacy implications of the Internet connected living room for industry and consumers, exploring potential benefits as well as threats associated with the technical capabilities of living room connected devices. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 91 pages, 1.41 MB].

The Trans-Pacific Partnership: Lessons from Negotiations

The Trans-Pacific Partnership: Lessons from Negotiations. National Bureau of Asian Research. Richard Katz. September 4, 2014.

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), a proposed free trade agreement (FTA) encompassing twelve nations in Asia and the Americas, was intended to be the most far-reaching and comprehensive FTA yet negotiated. It goes beyond traditional market access issues to deal with the thorny problems in intellectual property rights, investment codes, and state-owned enterprises, in ways far beyond the World Trade Organization (WTO) or past FTAs negotiated by the United States. According to the report, unless a TPP agreement is signed by the first few months of 2015, the entire venture could go the way of the Doha Round of WTO talks, with unending negotiations that never reach agreement. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 2 pages, 233.42 KB].

The City Brand: Champion of Immigrant Integration or Empty Marketing Tool?

The City Brand: Champion of Immigrant Integration or Empty Marketing Tool? Migration Policy Institute. Elizabeth Collett. August 2014.

As global demand for talent and human capital increases, cities are becoming more innovative in their efforts to attract and retain residents. Many cities in Europe and North America are now turning to branding strategies to build inclusive identities that appeal to both new and existing residents. The report examines branding strategies and challenges. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

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Policies to Support Immigrant Entrepreneurship

Policies to Support Immigrant Entrepreneurship. Migration Policy Institute. Maria Vincenza Desiderio. August 2014.

Although immigrants are more likely to start businesses than their native-born peers, immigrant businesses have significantly lower survival rates. The report examines the obstacles facing immigrant entrepreneurs and offers policy recommendations for local and national governments looking to more fully reap the benefits of immigrant entrepreneurship. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

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The Opportunities of Digitizing Payments

The Opportunities of Digitizing Payments. World Bank Development Research Group. August 28, 2104.

According to the report, digitizing payments and remittances is vital to achieving G20 goals. The G20’s focus on financial inclusion directly contributes to its core goal of achieving strong, sustainable, and balanced growth. Studies show that broader access to and participation in the financial system can reduce income inequality, boost job creation, accelerate consumption, increase investments in human capital, and directly help poor people manage risk and absorb financial shocks. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 20 pages, 1.43 MB].

The 2014 Ebola Outbreak: International and U.S. Responses

The 2014 Ebola Outbreak: International and U.S. Responses. Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress. Tiaji Salaam-Blyther. August 26, 2014.

In July 2014, two U.S. citizen health workers contracted Ebola in Liberia and were first provided medication that had shown promise in animal studies but that had not yet been tested in humans. They were evacuated to the United States to receive additional care. Debate in the United States has ensued regarding entry and exit rights of people infected with communicable diseases; whether the international community (including the United States) had responded early and effectively enough to contain the virus; the appropriate use of experimental drugs that had not yet been tested for human safety and effectiveness, including how to choose recipients of scarce and sometimes costly drug supplies and how to arrange dispensing to allow analysis of safety and effectiveness; and feasible approaches to accelerating drug and vaccine development and the scale-up of manufacturing capacity for investigational products.

[PDF format, 26 pages, 625.27 KB].

The Competitiveness of Cities

The Competitiveness of Cities. World Economic Forum. August 13, 2014.

Cities have been the engines of productivity and growth throughout history, and will be essential to the future growth and competitiveness of nations and regions. This is especially true at a time of massive and rapid urbanisation in emerging markets; hence, the focus on the competitiveness of cities. In the report, a four-part taxonomy of city competitiveness was developed, including (1) institutions, (2) policies and regulation of the business environment, (3) “hard connectivity”, and (4) “soft connectivity”. This has been applied to a “big basket” of 26 cities, with a mini case study on each; and to a “small basket” of seven cities, each of those with a full case study. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 60 pages, 1 MB].