Unaccompanied Alien Children: Demographics in Brief. Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress. Ruth Ellen Wasem and Austin Morris. September 24, 2014.
The number of children coming to the United States who are not accompanied by parents or legal guardians and who lack proper immigration documents has raised complex and competing sets of humanitarian concerns and immigration control issues. The report focuses on the demographics of unaccompanied alien children while they are in removal proceedings. Overwhelmingly, the children are coming from El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras. The median age of unaccompanied children has decreased from 17 years in FY2011 to 16 years during the first seven months of FY2014. A greater share of males than females are represented among this population. However, females have steadily increased in total numbers and as a percentage of the flow since FY2011. The median age of females has dropped from 17 years in FY2011–the year that was the median age across all groups of children–to 15 years in the first seven months of FY2014.
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