Treatment for Dementia: Learning from Breakthroughs for other Conditions

Treatment for Dementia: Learning from Breakthroughs for other Conditions. RAND Corporation. Jirka Taylor et al. August 4, 2015.

Aiming to better understand the contexts that have contributed to breakthroughs in treatment, the report analyzes breakthroughs in four conditions of ill health and sought to identify potentially transferable lessons for the dementia context. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 154 pages, 2.2 MB].

Teens, Technology and Friendships

Teens, Technology and Friendships. Pew Research Center. Amanda Lenhart. August 6, 2015.

For American teens, making friends isn’t just confined to the school yard, playing field or neighborhood – many are making new friends online. Fully 57% of teens ages 13 to 17 have made a new friend online, with 29% of teens indicating that they have made more than five new friends in online venues. Most of these friendships stay in the digital space; only 20% of all teens have met an online friend in person. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 76 pages, 1.38 MB].

Russia, Putin Held in Low Regard around the World

Russia, Putin Held in Low Regard around the World. Pew Research Center. Bruce Stokes. August 5, 2015.

Outside its own borders, neither Russia nor its president, Vladimir Putin, receives much respect or support, according to the survey. A median of only 30% see Russia favorably in the nations outside of Russia. Its image trails that of the United States in nearly every region of the world. At the same time, a median of only 24% in the countries surveyed have confidence in Putin to do the right thing in world affairs, and there is far less faith in the Russian leader than there is in U.S. President Barack Obama. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 18 pages, 433.98 KB].

Women and Violent Extremism: A Growing Threat Demands Concerted Action

Women and Violent Extremism: A Growing Threat Demands Concerted Action. U.S. Institute of Peace. Fred Strasser. August 3, 2015.

The extremist organization ISIS manipulates gender dynamics far better than its opponents often understand. It recruits young men with promises of control over women and uses mass rape as a form of cohesion. At the same time, it lures isolated women with appeals to enlarge their lives by joining a cause. Policymakers seeking to address the role of women in countering violent extremism must take an equally layered, multi-pronged approach to gender, according to experts from government, the United Nations and civil society. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

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Food Security Post-2015: What Countries Need to Do So That Regional Collaboration Can Be Effective

Food Security Post-2015: What Countries Need to Do So That Regional Collaboration Can Be Effective. Center for Global Development. C. Peter Timmer. July 31, 2015.

The author explains why ending hunger has been so hard. The essay focuses on four main themes: the complex role of markets, the importance of government policies, the historical process of structural transformation, and the need to identify the appropriate time horizon for analysis and interventions. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 5 pages, 122.5 KB].

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Correctional Education

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Correctional Education. RAND Corporation. Lois M. Davis et al. July 2015.

After conducting a comprehensive literature search, the authors examine the association between correctional education and reductions in recidivism, improvements in employment after release from prison, and learning in math and in reading. Their findings support the premise that receiving correctional education while incarcerated reduces an individual’s risk of recidivating. They also found that those receiving correctional education had improved odds of obtaining employment after release. The authors also examined the benefits of computer-assisted learning and compared the costs of prison education programs with the costs of reincarceration. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 113 pages, 0.9 MB].

More Millennials Living With Family Despite Improved Job Market

More Millennials Living With Family Despite Improved Job Market. Pew Research Center. Richard Fry. July 29, 2015.

Five years into the economic recovery, things are looking up for young adults in the U.S. labor market. Unemployment is down, full-time work is up and wages have modestly rebounded. But, according to the analysis of U.S. Census Bureau data, these improvements in the labor market have not led to more Millennials living apart from their families. In fact, the nation’s 18- to 34-year-olds are less likely to be living independently of their families and establishing their own households today than they were in the depths of the Great Recession. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 21 pages, 413.66 KB].

A Year Later, U.S. Campaign Against ISIS Garners Support, Raises Concerns

A Year Later, U.S. Campaign Against ISIS Garners Support, Raises Concerns. Pew Research Center. July 22, 2015.

Nearly a year after the United States launched its first airstrikes against ISIS, the public remains broadly supportive of the military campaign. Yet Americans also have persistent doubts about how well the U.S. military effort is going, and there is no agreement about whether the U.S. should deploy ground troops as part of the military campaign in Iraq and Syria. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 12 pages, 403.32 KB].

Ensuring that the Nuclear Agreement Effectively Constrains Iran

Ensuring that the Nuclear Agreement Effectively Constrains Iran. Center for American Progress. Brian Katulis et al. July 17, 2015.

The nuclear deal between Iran and leading global powers set off an intense debate just hours after its announcement. With vital national security interests at stake, this is an important debate to have, one that will continue in the months ahead as Congress deliberates the deal. The report recommends that Congress measure the deal against the main alternatives and work with the Obama administration to ensure strong and effective implementation using three steps. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 6 pages, 81.8 KB].

Cuba: Transforming a Revolution

Cuba: Transforming a Revolution. YaleGlobal. Patricia Alejandro. July 23, 2015.

The United States and Cuba are reopening their respective embassies and preparing for more exchanges in diplomacy and trade. “Cubans and Americans are equally curious about exploring the other side since December when President Barack Obama and Raúl Castro made the surprise announcement on restoration of full diplomatic relations between the two countries,” writes Patricia Alejandro. “Both sides concede the process will be gradual, yet changes in leadership that paved the way for rapprochement are inevitable – Obama leaves office in January 2017, and Castro, now 84, announced intentions to retire in 2018.” The Cuban-American community could help boost ties between the two countries. The Cuban government is wary about foreign investment, and the United States will press for improved human rights. Cubans are eager for an end to the U.S. embargo, along with new electronics, cars and internet service, while US tourists are nostalgic for the Cuba of the early 20th century. Economic imbalances and challenges to normalize relations are many, but there’s likely no going back. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

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