Unaccompanied Alien Children: An Overview

Unaccompanied Alien Children: An Overview. Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress. William A. Kandel and Lisa Seghetti. August 18, 2015.

In FY2014, the number of unaccompanied alien children (UAC, unaccompanied children) that were apprehended at the Southwest border while attempting to enter the United States without authorization increased sharply, straining the system put in place over the past decade to handle such cases. In the first 8 months of FY2015, UAC apprehensions numbered 22,869, down 49% from the same period in FY2014. UAC are defined in statute as children who lack lawful immigration status in the United States, who are under the age of 18, and who either are without a parent or legal guardian in the United States or without a parent or legal guardian in the United States who is available to provide care and physical custody.

[PDF format, 21 pages, 744.57 KB].

Medal of Honor: History and Issues

Medal of Honor: History and Issues. Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress. Barbara Salazaar Torreon. August 18, 2015.

The Medal of Honor is the nation’s highest military award for bravery. It is awarded by the President in the name of Congress. For this reason, it is often referred to as the Congressional Medal of Honor. Since it was first presented in 1863, the medal has been awarded 3,512 times to 3,493 recipients. Nineteen individuals have been double recipients of the award.

[PDF format, 30 pages, 875.89 KB].

School Meals in Transition

School Meals in Transition. Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. Katherine Ralston and Constance Newman. August 20, 2015.

School foodservice programs are adjusting to a complex mix of changes mandated by the Healthy Hunger-Free Kids Act. School meal programs are adjusting to stronger nutritional standards, but face challenges in maintaining paid lunch participation to meet revenue goals and to help avoid stigma toward children receiving free or reduced-price food.

http://www.ers.usda.gov/media/1886009/eib143_summary.pdf Summary [PDF format, 2 pages, 159 KB].

http://www.ers.usda.gov/media/1886014/eib143.pdf Full Report [PDF format, 25 pages, 1.87 MB].

The Future of Forests: Emissions from Tropical Deforestation with and without a Carbon Price, 2016–2050

The Future of Forests: Emissions from Tropical Deforestation with and without a Carbon Price, 2016–2050. Center for Global Development. Jonah Busch and Jens Engelmann. August 24, 2015.

An area of tropical forest the size of India will be deforested in the next 35 years, burning through more than one-sixth of the remaining carbon that can be emitted if global warming is to be kept below 2 degrees Celsius, the “planetary carbon budget”, but many of these emissions could be cheaply avoided by putting a price on carbon, according to the authors. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 42 pages, 885.7 KB].

Jordan’s Refugee Crisis

Jordan’s Refugee Crisis. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Alexandra Francis. September 21, 2015.

The Syrian refugee crisis has exacerbated endemic political, economic, and resource challenges in Jordan. As the conflict in Syria enters a protracted state and public discontent and other tensions rise, Jordan has limited its humanitarian response. Yet, the roots of the kingdom’s challenges run deeper than the refugee crisis and if left unaddressed will be harbingers of instability. If Jordan is to confront its national challenges and continue to provide a safe haven for Syrian refugees, the country will depend on increased international support. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

http://carnegieendowment.org/2015/09/18/jordan-s-refugee-crisis/ihwc Summary [HTML format, various paging].

http://carnegieendowment.org/files/CP_247_Francis_Jordan_final.pdf Full Text [PDF format, 46 pages, 443.55 KB].

Iraqi Stability and the “ISIS War”

Iraqi Stability and the “ISIS War.” Center for Strategic & International Studies. Anthony H. Cordesman. August 12, 2015.

The events in Iraq over the last month have shown that any success in Iraq requires both the Iraqi government and the United States to go far beyond the war against ISIS, and makes any partisan debate over who lost Iraq as damaging to U.S. national interests as any other aspect of America’s drift toward partisan extremism. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 18 pages, 430.47 KB].

When You Can’t Go Home: The Gulf Coast 10 Years After Katrina

When You Can’t Go Home: The Gulf Coast 10 Years After Katrina. Center for American Progress. Danielle Baussan. August 18, 2015.

Although nearly a decade has passed since Hurricane Katrina wreaked havoc across the U.S. Gulf Coast, signs of its fury are still clearly visible. Nothing speaks more directly to Katrina’s destructive power than the tens of thousands of rotted, weed-choked vacant buildings—some still branded with the crosses painted on their exteriors by search and rescue teams from the Federal Emergency Management Agency, or FEMA—that dot the Gulf Coast. These abandoned houses are a stark reminder of residents who struggled and yet failed to return home. In the 10 years that have passed, many of these former residents are part of an underreported but growing population of the domestic climate displaced. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 10 pages, 117.08 KB].

Exploring Racial Bias Among Biracial and Single-Race Adults: The IAT

Exploring Racial Bias Among Biracial and Single-Race Adults: The IAT. Pew Research Center. Rich Morin. August 19, 2015.

It’s hard to talk about race. Fear of saying the wrong thing, fear of expressing an unpopular view or simply the fear of offending others can dampen honest conversations about racial attitudes. Accurately measuring racial attitudes faces another formidable obstacle. Psychologists say that biased racial views are sometimes buried deep in a person’s subconscious, the byproducts of exposure to popular culture, the media and other factors. An Implicit Association Test (IAT), a technique that psychologists say measures subconscious or “hidden” bias by tracking how quickly individuals associate good and bad words with specific racial groups, was used for the report. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 42 pages, 1.6 MB].

An Analysis of Unauthorized Immigrants in the United States by Country and Region of Birth

An Analysis of Unauthorized Immigrants in the United States by Country and Region of Birth. Marc C. Rosenblum and Ariel G. Ruiz Soto. Migration Policy Institute. August 2015.

The report profiles the approximately 11 million unauthorized immigrants living in the United States, examining population growth trends over time by country or region of origin as well as geographic distribution by state and top county destinations. The report also assesses eligibility and application rates for the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program, analyzing differences in application rates by national origin. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 31 pages, 2.36 MB].

Privacy vs security?: Europeans’ Preferences on Transport Security and Surveillance Measures

Privacy vs security?: Europeans’ Preferences on Transport Security and Surveillance Measures. RAND Corporation. Sunil Patil et al. August 20, 2015.

The authors have collected evidence from one of the largest-ever surveys of citizens’ views across Europe on security, surveillance and privacy issues in three scenarios: train travel, internet use, and storage of health records. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 4 pages, 0.9 MB].