Is There a Shortage of Marriageable Men?

Is There a Shortage of Marriageable Men? Brookings Institution. September 23, 2015.

In the last half century, marriage rates have fallen dramatically. The paper explores possible drivers of this trend, including declining economic prospects among men, an increase in unwed births that constrain women’s later marriageability, rising rates of incarceration, and a reversal of the education gap that once favored men and now favors women. The authors estimate that the decline in male earnings since 1970 among both black and less-educated white men can explain a portion of the decline in marriage, but that cultural factors have played an important role as well. They argue that the ratio of marriageable men to women depends critically on how one defines “marriageable.” [Note: contains copyrighted material]. Summary [PDF format, 2 pages, 148 KB]. Full Text [PDF format, 9 pages, 1.4 MB].

U.S. Immigrant Pop. Hit Record 42.4 Million in 2014

U.S. Immigrant Pop. Hit Record 42.4 Million in 2014. Center for Immigration Studies. Karen Zeigler and Steven A. Camarotta. September 2015.

The Census Bureau released some data from the 2014 American Community Survey (ACS). It shows that the nation’s immigrant population (legal and illegal) grew by 2.4 million people since 2010 and is up one million from 2013 to 2014. population as completely as the ACS. The growth in the immigrant population has rebounded after increasing more slowly from 2010 to 2013 following the Great Recession. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[HTML format, various paging].

Russian Ideology After Crimea

Russian Ideology After Crimea. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Andrei Kolesnikov. September 22, 2015.

Following the annexation of Crimea in March 2014, the Russian public has embraced an increasingly conservative and nationalistic ideology. According to the author, any repudiation of this ideology, let alone the transformation of the country as a whole, will only happen if demand for change from the bottom coincides with a desire for modernization from the top. [Note: contains copyrighted material]. Summary in English [HTML format, various paging]. Summary in Russian [HTML format, various paging]. Full Text in English [PDF format, 38 pages, 584.30 KB]. Full Text in Russian [PDF format, 46 pages, 2.33 MB].

Doing Cash Differently: How Cash Transfers Can Transform Humanitarian Aid

Doing Cash Differently: How Cash Transfers Can Transform Humanitarian Aid. Center for Global Development. September 14, 2015.

The report shows why giving aid directly in the form of cash is often a highly effective way to reduce suffering and to make limited humanitarian aid budgets go further. It urges the humanitarian community to give more aid as cash, and to make cash central to future emergency response planning. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 44 pages, 688.34 KB].

The Effect on States of Increasing the Medicare Eligibility Age

The Effect on States of Increasing the Medicare Eligibility Age. Urban Institute. Timothy A. Waidmann and Emily Lawton. September 17, 2015.

Proposals to raise the eligibility age for Medicare may have unintended consequences for state government finances. The medical care of persons who currently receive both Medicaid and Medicare benefits, also known as “dual eligibles,” could become the sole responsibility of Medicaid. The authors estimate the number of such individuals in each state and the amount of current Medicare spending that could be shifted to state Medicaid programs. The actual cost impact of such a policy change for an individual state depends on both the demographic makeup of its population and its decision about Medicaid expansion under the ACA. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 24 pages, 449.1 MB].

Community Oriented Nonprofits and Neighborhood Poverty

Community Oriented Nonprofits and Neighborhood Poverty. Urban Institute. Christopher R. Hayes et al. September 14, 2015.

The study examines the spatial pattern of community-oriented nonprofit organizations in the 100 largest metropolitan areas. It finds that: (1) the densities of these nonprofits typically increase with neighborhood poverty rates; (2) they are much more prevalent in metros in the northeast, mid-west and along the pacific coast, than in the sunbelt; and (3) their numbers have been growing rapidly everywhere, particularly so in places where their densities were lower in the past. The authors conclude that the findings warrant further research on how variations in the density and mix of nonprofits in a neighborhood may influence neighborhood improvement. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[HTML format, 32 pages].

A Look at What the Public Knows and Does Not Know About Science

A Look at What the Public Knows and Does Not Know About Science. Pew Research Center. Cary Funk and Sara Kehaulani Goo. September 10, 2015.

The survey finds that most Americans can answer basic questions about several scientific terms and concepts, such as the layers of the Earth and the elements needed to make nuclear energy. But other science-related terms and applications, such as what property of a sound wave determines loudness and the effect of higher altitudes on cooking time, are not as well understood. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 39 pages, 1.1 MB].

Energy Sanctions and Russia: What Comes Next?

Energy Sanctions and Russia: What Comes Next? Atlantic Council. Adnan Vatansever. September 10, 2015.

The West has responded to the Kremlin’s increasingly bellicose policy in the former Soviet space by imposing punitive measures against Russia’s energy sector. The immediate impact of such measures appears limited as neither oil nor gas flowing from Russia is expected to suffer right away. However, the sanctions’ long-term implications may prove more important. Vatansever argues that the sanctions could diminish Russia’s capacity to produce the same amount of oil and hamper a number of its gas objectives abroad. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 11 pages, 575.0 KB].

What Counts: Tools to Help Define and Understand Progress Towards the $100 Billion Climate Finance Commitment

What Counts: Tools to Help Define and Understand Progress Towards the $100 Billion Climate Finance Commitment. World Resources Institute. Pual Bodnar et al. September 2015.

As Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) design a post-2020 climate agreement and establish their national contributions within it, the question of progress toward existing climate finance targets has become a sticking point. While mobilizing $100 billion will not meet the climate investment challenge by itself, the goal is currently the primary political benchmark for assessing progress on climate finance. The paper aims to present the key variables Parties have emphasized in debates about “what counts”, and then propose an approach to classifying climate finance that Parties could use as a starting point for their analyses and interpretations. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 21 pages, 1.4 MB].

Welfare Use by Legal and Illegal Immigrant Households

Welfare Use by Legal and Illegal Immigrant Households. Center for Immigration Studies. Steven A. Camarota. September 2015.

The report separates legal and illegal immigrant households and estimates welfare use using the Census Bureau data. The analysis shows that legal immigrant households make extensive use of most welfare programs, while illegal immigrant households primarily benefit from food programs and Medicaid through their U.S.-born children. Low levels of education, not legal status, is the main reason immigrant welfare use is high. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 17 pags, 1.32 MB].