The Rise of iWar: Identity, Information, and the Individualization of Modern Warfare. Strategic Studies Institute. Glenn J. Voelz. October 16, 2015.
During a decade of global counterterrorism operations and two extended counterinsurgency campaigns, the United States was confronted with a new kind of adversary. Without uniforms, flags, and formations, the task of identifying and targeting these combatants represented an unprecedented operational challenge
for which Cold War era doctrinal methods were largely unsuited.
http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/files/1292-summary.pdf Executive Summary [PDF format, 2 pages, 551.8 KB].
http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=1292 Full Text [HTML format with a link to the PDF file].
Pacific Trade Deal Needs to Harmonize With Sustainable Development Goals. YaleGlobal. Shuaihua Wallace Cheng. October 22, 2015.
Developed and poorer developing nations often struggle to agree on global initiatives. But two major deals have been announced: The 193 members of the United Nations approved global action on 17 Sustainable Development Goals to reduce poverty, and 12 nations concluded negotiations on the Transpacific Trade Partnership, the largest regional trade agreement in history. The trade agreement supports the sustainable development goals in some ways and undermines them in others, explains Cheng. The world needs global leadership on trade that promotes sustainability and the United States could be in the position to provide such leadership, notes Cheng. The next chance is December’s World Trade Organization ministerial meeting at which the United States could encourage trade practices that promote freedom and fairness while reducing poverty. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
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Live Longer, Consume Less: Recipe for Slow Growth. YaleGlobal. Joergen Oerstroem Moeller. October 20, 2015.
Global growth no longer keeps the pace of just a decade ago. Oerstroem Moeller points to behaviors that contribute to reduced consumption: Life expectancy has risen, but ages for collecting pensions have remained steady at around age 60, thus stretching out the retirement stage of life. Fearing poverty, combined with increased uncertainty over government regulations and social welfare programs, consumers save more. Governments and corporations have taken on more debt; consumers recognize that tax bills and higher prices are inevitable. The behaviors are contributing to a trend of reduced growth. “Efforts from policymakers to reverse that trend will only further unbalance national economies and aggravate deficits and future burdens,” Moeller warns. He urges governments and individuals to respond with policies adjusting to lower growth and emphasizing qualitative growth including education, health and activities that promote well-being and happiness. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
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Unaccompanied Child Migrants in U.S. Communities, Immigration Court, and Schools. Migration Policy Institute. October 2015.
More than 77,000 unaccompanied minors from Central America were released to communities throughout the United States between October 1, 2013 and August 31, 2015. The issue brief examines where these children have been placed in the United States, how they are faring in the immigration court system, and how schools are adapting to their arrival. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
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Three-in-Ten U.S. Jobs Are Held by the Self-Employed and the Workers They Hire. Pew Research Center. October 22, 2015.
Self-employed Americans and the workers they hired accounted for 44 million jobs in 2014, or 30% of the national workforce, according to the analysis of data the U.S. Census Bureau recently made publicly available for the first time. The self-employed, 14.6 million in all, represented 10% of the nation’s 146 million workers, and they in turn provided jobs for 29.4 million other workers. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
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In Syrian War, Peace, Politics and Possibilities Are a Local Affair. U.S. Institute of Peace. Osama Gharizi. October 2015.
While the mass bloodshed of Syria’s civil war so far has spared many Kurdish and Arab farming villages in Syria’s far northeast, the war has exacerbated communal tensions there. So recently, 14 religious, tribal and civic leaders from one locality traveled to neighboring Iraq for talks to ease those tensions and prevent an outbreak of violence. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
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The Educational and Mental Health Needs of Syrian Refugee Children. Migration Policy Institute. Selcuk R. Sirin and Lauren Rogers-Sirin. October 2015.
The Syrian civil war, which began in March 2011, has subsequently displaced nearly 12 million people, more than 4 million of them beyond Syria’s borders. Children under the age of 18 represent about half of the Syrian refugee population, with approximately 40 percent under the age of 12. As the refugee crisis continues to unfold, the report takes stock of what is happening to these displaced children. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
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Look to the Forests: How Performance Payments Can Slow Climate Change. Center for Global Development. October 14, 2015.
Protecting tropical forests is good for the global climate and good for development in forested countries. In the absence of robust carbon markets, performance-based funding to reduce emissions from deforestation is a key way donors can provide the incentives and commitment tropical countries need to curtail forest loss. Tropical forests are undervalued assets in the race to avert catastrophic climate change. They deliver a global, and very public, benefit by capturing and storing atmospheric carbon. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
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Making Open Science a Reality. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. October 15, 2015.
Open science commonly refers to efforts to make the output of publicly funded research more widely accessible in digital format to the scientific community, the business sector, or society more generally. Open science is the encounter between the age-old tradition of openness in science and the tools of information and communications technologies (ICTs) that have reshaped the scientific enterprise and require a critical look from policy makers seeking to promote long-term research as well as innovation. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 108 pages, 1.11 MB].
Russian Compliance with the Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty: Background and Issues for Congress. Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress. Amy F. Woolf. October 13, 2015.
The United States and Soviet Union signed the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty in December 1987. Negotiations on this treaty were the result of a “dual-track” decision taken by NATO in 1979. The United States has raised its concerns about Russian compliance with the INF Treaty in a number of meetings during the past few years. These meetings have made little progress because Russia continues to deny that it has violated the treaty. The United States could pursue a number of options that might move the diplomatic process forward and possibly lead to a resolution of the issue.
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