Academic global health programs are proliferating, and global health partnerships between North American academic institutions and institutions in low- and middle-income countries are steadily increasing. The study employs surveys and key informant interviews to examine global health partnerships, and it presents a framework for success to guide the development of sustainable global health programs and partnerships with measurable, defined impact. Eighty-two North American academic institutions and 46 international partnering institutions participated in the survey. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
The report provides an overview of the rise of civil asset forfeiture abuse by law enforcement, highlights the impact of these abusive practices on low-income individuals and communities of color, and offers steps that state policymakers can take to prevent civil asset forfeiture abuses from pushing already struggling families and communities into or deeper into poverty. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
Many countries use age-dependent minimum wage systems to facilitate the entry of young workers into the labor force. The age dependency turns the minimum wage rate into a stepwise increasing function of workers’ calendar age, rendering young workers comparatively cheaper than older workers. Being subject to the reduced minimum wage, younger job seekers become more desirable for firms and therefore are more likely to find a job that fits their skills and experience. Indeed, several studies find positive effects of an age-dependent minimum wage on youth employment. However, what they fail to address is that, apart from its effects on employment stocks, this policy design changes the youth labor market flows, introducing new dynamics into the decisions of both employers and employees. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
The 2016 presidential campaign has exposed deep disagreements between – and within – the two parties on a range of major policy issues. But these divisions go well beyond the issues and extend to fundamentally different visions of the way that life in the United States has changed. Overall, 46% of registered voters say that life in America today is worse than it was 50 years ago “for people like them,” while 34% say life is better and 14% think it is about the same. Republican and Republican-leaning voters are more than twice as likely as Democratic voters to say life in this country has gotten worse over the past half-century for people like them (66% to 28%). [Note: contains copyrighted material].
Stop a federal bureaucrat, a schoolteacher, and a parent on the street and you will likely hear three different observations about what education can, and should, do. Considering these differing perspectives provides insight into why opposition to Common Core has been strongest among parents. National standards may provide useful information to state and federal policymakers, but have driven curriculum and pedagogy in a way that dissatisfies parents. Each of the essays delivers a different perspective on the shortcomings of the push for Common Core national standards, but each concludes that American education will not flourish under a system that is increasingly centralized. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
The evolving dynamics in the East Mediterranean Triangle, composed of Israel, Turkey and Greece, reveal key security and economic trends that have direct implications for the United States and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
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In an attempt to fill the knowledge gap on integration outcomes for children of refugees, the report presents a demographic and socioeconomic data profile of the 941,000 children ages 10 and younger with refugee parents living in the United States in 2009-2013. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
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Student discipline and school climate have entered the national discourse in recent years, catalyzed, in large part, by data on racial disparities in suspension and expulsion rates. The brief examines the school climate and discipline landscape and the availability of information on these issues for parents and public actors. It recommends that school districts improve their tracking and reporting of school climate information, use national data measures to refine school level reporting, and monitor the impact of school discipline and school climate data publication on schools and parents. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
Standard lists of history’s most influential religious leaders, among them Abraham, Moses, Jesus, Muhammad, Siddhartha Gautama (the Buddha), tend to be predominantly, if not exclusively, male. Yet it often appears that the ranks of the faithful are dominated by women. In the United States, for example, women are more likely than men to say religion is “very important” in their lives. American women also are more likely than American men to say they pray daily and attend religious services at least once a week. According to media accounts, women so outnumber men in the pews of many U.S. churches that some clergy have changed decor, music, and worship styles to try to bring more men into their congregations. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
Most Americans feel they are lifelong learners, whether that means gathering knowledge for “do it yourself” projects, reading up on a personal interest or improving their job skills. For the most part, these learning activities occur in traditional places – at home, work, conferences or community institutions such as government agencies or libraries. The internet is also an important tool for many adults in the process of lifelong learning. [Note: contains copyrighted material].