Global Health Programs and Partnerships: Evidence of Mutual Benefit and Equity

Global Health Programs and Partnerships: Evidence of Mutual Benefit and Equity. Center for Strategic & International Studies. Stephen Morrison et al. April 1, 2016.

Academic global health programs are proliferating, and global health partnerships between North American academic institutions and institutions in low- and middle-income countries are steadily increasing. The study employs surveys and key informant interviews to examine global health partnerships, and it presents a framework for success to guide the development of sustainable global health programs and partnerships with measurable, defined impact. Eighty-two North American academic institutions and 46 international partnering institutions participated in the survey. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 106 pages, 3.79 MB].

Forfeiting the American Dream: How Civil Asset Forfeiture Exacerbates Hardship for Low-income Communities and Communities of Color

Forfeiting the American Dream: How Civil Asset Forfeiture Exacerbates Hardship for Low-income Communities and Communities of Color. Center for American Progress. Rebecca Vallas et al. April 1, 2016.

The report provides an overview of the rise of civil asset forfeiture abuse by law enforcement, highlights the impact of these abusive practices on low-income individuals and communities of color, and offers steps that state policymakers can take to prevent civil asset forfeiture abuses from pushing already struggling families and communities into or deeper into poverty. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 26 pages, 721.1 KB].

Happy Birthday, You’re Fired! The Effects of Age-Dependent Minimum Wages on Youth Employment Flows in the Netherlands

Happy Birthday, You’re Fired! The Effects of Age-Dependent Minimum Wages on Youth Employment Flows in the Netherlands. Cato Institute. Jan Kabatek. March 30, 2016.

Many countries use age-dependent minimum wage systems to facilitate the entry of young workers into the labor force. The age dependency turns the minimum wage rate into a stepwise increasing function of workers’ calendar age, rendering young workers comparatively cheaper than older workers. Being subject to the reduced minimum wage, younger job seekers become more desirable for firms and therefore are more likely to find a job that fits their skills and experience. Indeed, several studies find positive effects of an age-dependent minimum wage on youth employment. However, what they fail to address is that, apart from its effects on employment stocks, this policy design changes the youth labor market flows, introducing new dynamics into the decisions of both employers and employees. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 2 pages, 69.63 KB].

Campaign Exposes Fissures Over Issues, Values and How Life Has Changed in the U.S.

Campaign Exposes Fissures Over Issues, Values and How Life Has Changed in the U.S. Pew Research Center. March 31, 2016.

The 2016 presidential campaign has exposed deep disagreements between – and within – the two parties on a range of major policy issues. But these divisions go well beyond the issues and extend to fundamentally different visions of the way that life in the United States has changed. Overall, 46% of registered voters say that life in America today is worse than it was 50 years ago “for people like them,” while 34% say life is better and 14% think it is about the same. Republican and Republican-leaning voters are more than twice as likely as Democratic voters to say life in this country has gotten worse over the past half-century for people like them (66% to 28%). [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 89 pages, 753.4 KB].

Common Core and the Centralization of American Education

Common Core and the Centralization of American Education. The Heritage Foundation. Lindsey Burke et al. March 24, 2016.

Stop a federal bureaucrat, a schoolteacher, and a parent on the street and you will likely hear three different observations about what education can, and should, do. Considering these differing perspectives provides insight into why opposition to Common Core has been strongest among parents. National standards may provide useful information to state and federal policymakers, but have driven curriculum and pedagogy in a way that dissatisfies parents. Each of the essays delivers a different perspective on the shortcomings of the push for Common Core national standards, but each concludes that American education will not flourish under a system that is increasingly centralized. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 15 pages, 276.91 KB].

The East Mediterranean Triangle at Crossroads

The East Mediterranean Triangle at Crossroads. Strategic Studies Institute. Jean-Loup Samaan. March 31, 2016.

The evolving dynamics in the East Mediterranean Triangle, composed of Israel, Turkey and Greece, reveal key security and economic trends that have direct implications for the United States and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).

[HTML format with a link to the full text PDF file].

Young Children of Refugees in the United States: Integration Successes and Challenges

Young Children of Refugees in the United States: Integration Successes and Challenges. Migration Policy Institute. Kate Hooper et al. March 2016.

In an attempt to fill the knowledge gap on integration outcomes for children of refugees, the report presents a demographic and socioeconomic data profile of the 941,000 children ages 10 and younger with refugee parents living in the United States in 2009-2013. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[HTML format with a link to the full text PDF file].