The Closing of the Jobs Gap: A Decade of Recession and Recovery

The Closing of the Jobs Gap: A Decade of Recession and Recovery. Brookings Institution. Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach et al. August 4, 2017

The Great Recession caused labor market devastation on a scale not seen for many decades. Millions of jobs were lost in the United States during 2008 and 2009, leaving the labor market with a hard road to recovery. Indeed, that recovery has required many years of job growth, and it was only in April 2014 that total employment reached its pre-recession level.

However, this milestone did not mark a return to pre-recession labor market conditions. Because the U.S. population is growing, simply reaching the previous number of jobs is not sufficient to return to pre-recession employment rates. At the same time, more baby boomers have entered retirement, somewhat offsetting the effects of population growth and reducing the number of jobs needed for a full economic recovery. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 13 pages, 1.68 MB].

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