U.S. Research and Development Funding and Performance: Fact Sheet. Congressional Research Service. John F. Sargent Jr. Updated September 19, 2019
Research and development (R&D) in the United States is funded and performed by a number of sectors—including the federal government, state governments, businesses, academia, and nonprofit organizations—for a variety of purposes. This fact sheet begins by providing a profile of the U.S. R&D enterprise, including historical trends and current funding by sector and by whether the R&D is basic research, applied research, or development. The final section of this fact sheet includes data on R&D performance by sector.
[PDF format, 6 pages].