Energy as a Source of Economic Growth and Social Mobility. Center for Strategic & International Studies. Sarah Ladislaw, Jesse Barnett. June 25, 2019
The CSIS Energy Program assessed the existing academic
literature, commissioned new research papers, convened an expert summit, and
compiled the findings to produce Energy in America: Energy as a Source of
Economic Growth and Social Mobility. This report analyzes the ways energy
contributes to the challenges and opportunities facing ordinary Americans,
covering the impacts of production, distribution, and consumption of energy
products in the United States.
The report highlights the new, extra-energy objectives that energy policy is increasingly expected to advance and evaluates their historical efficacy. The authors conclude that while deliberate U.S. energy policy interventions have hitherto achieved mixed results, there are promising developments and best practices that decisionmakers ought to consider. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 55 pages].
Research Handbook on Climate Change Adaptation Policy. Social and Political Science. June 3, 2019.
This topical and engaging Research Handbook illustrates the
variety of research approaches in the field of climate change adaptation policy
in order to provide a guide to its social and institutional complexity. A range
of international expert contributors offer interdisciplinary explorations of
climate change adaptation policy from policy sciences, legal, and practitioner
perspectives. Using examples from a variety of sectors including water, health
and land use, and multiple levels of governance and country contexts, from
international to local, and developing to developed countries, the chapters
examine a wealth of theoretical orientations towards climate change adaptation
policy and their underpinnings. In doing so, this Research Handbook provides an
understanding of the complexity of the institutions, decision-makers and
assumptions that are involved in adaptation research as well as adaptation
policy development and implementation. This Research Handbook will be an
indispensable resource for both researchers and practitioners in climate change
adaptation with an interest in the research methods and policies that support
and advance it. Undergraduate and postgraduate students of environmental
studies, public policy and politics will also find this book provides a
valuable foundation for building a deeper knowledge of adaptation science and
policy. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 528 pages].
Management of the Colorado River: Water Allocations, Drought, and the Federal Role. Congressional Research Service. Charles V. Stern, Pervaze A. Sheikh. Updated May 17, 2019
The Colorado River Basin covers more than 246,000 square
miles in seven U.S. states (Wyoming, Colorado, Utah, New Mexico, Arizona,
Nevada, and California) and Mexico. Pursuant to federal law, the Bureau of
Reclamation (part of the Department of the Interior) manages much of the
basin’s water supplies. Colorado River water is used primarily for agricultural
irrigation and municipal and industrial (M&I) uses, but it also is
important for power production, fish and wildlife, and recreational uses.
In recent years, consumptive uses of Colorado River water
have exceeded natural flows. This causes an imbalance in the basin’s available
supplies and competing demands. A drought in the basin dating to 2000 has
raised the prospect of water delivery curtailments and decreased hydropower
production, among other things. In the future, observers expect that increasing
demand for supplies, coupled with the effects of climate change, will further
increase the strain on the basin’s limited water supplies.
[PDF format, 29 pages].
Aligning G20 Infrastructure Investment with Climate Goals & the 2030 Agenda. Brookings Institution. Amar Bhattacharya and Minji Jeong. June 13, 2019.
In many parts of the world, the issue of climate change and
the UN 2030 Agenda with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are
experiencing an unprecedented momentum. Finally! For many years already, robust
science is warning of the devastating impacts of greenhouse gas emissions and
fatal consequences of global temperature increase beyond the scientifically
based target of 1.5 °C. Without an adequate response, the global GHG emissions
will remain far off track, threatening to increase the devastating effects of
Every day huge amounts of additional GHG emitting infrastructure is still being built. Infrastructure construction and development and its operation in the energy, building and transport sector contribute to approximately 70% of the global GHG emissions, while again 70% of the infrastructure required by 2050 is yet to be built. This makes infrastructure a main source of the problem – yet also a substantial opportunity to become a key driver for improving the quality of life by generating development, employment and the unleashing of innovation for a sustainable future. However, fundamental transformations, such as the aligning of infrastructure construction and climate goals, need to take evolving social pressures into account that require an inclusive approach and deliberate policy-making. Ignoring these challenges is not an option – no matter from which perspective. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 63 pages].
Towards More Inclusive Climate Change Adaptation: Journal. International Institute for Environment and Development. April 2019.
Our understanding of climate change impacts and
vulnerability in urban centres has grown rapidly in recent years, as has the number
of cities developing and implementing plans to respond to the challenges of
climate change. The papers in this issue explore such plans and responses in a
variety of contexts and scales, from transnational networks for adaptation that
incorporate Indonesian cities, to urban adaptation in the Solomon Islands and
Vanuatu. Several papers explore the gendered aspects of adaptation (in Dar es
Salaam, Tanzania and Khulna City, Bangladesh). Another zeroes in on the way
urban migrants are particularly affected in India.
A common theme is attention to the informal settlements that
are particularly exposed to climate-related hazards in cities. Another theme
across the papers in this issue is the need for genuinely inclusive adaptation;
one paper details the participatory planning processes in three small- to
medium-sized Latin American cities.
Also in this issue of Environment and Urbanization are papers on: 50 years of housing policies in Latin America; the Smart Cities craze in India; participatory slum upgrading in Afghanistan; household water consumption in Shanghai; policy pilots for co-production in four Chinese cities; the use of satellilte data to study Indian slums; sanitation bye-law enforcement in Accra; provision of basic services in Syria; and malaria in peri-urban areas of Colombia. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
How to Enable Electric Bus Adoption in Cities Worldwide. World Resources Institute. Xiangyi Li et al. May 2019
Electric buses could pioneer a new age of clean and
efficient urban transport and put cities on track towards sustainability.
However, electric bus adoption is not accelerating fast enough for the world to
meet transport-related global climate objectives and help limit global
temperature rise to below 2 degrees Celsius.
The aim of this report is to fill in knowledge gaps and
provide actionable guidance for transit agencies and bus operating entities to
help them overcome the most common and debilitating barriers to electric bus
adoption. It provides a step-by-step guidance to establish and achieve electric
bus adoption targets using concrete and diverse real-world experiences.
Transit agencies and bus operating entities are encouraged
to maximize electric bus adoption targets based on local conditions and to
develop a responsible strategy for implementation. They should be actively
involved in planning and analysis; be serious about piloting and testing
projects; and collaborate with city policymakers and other stakeholders to
accelerate a responsible adoption of electric buses. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 68 pages].
Water Infrastructure Financing: History of EPA Appropriations. Congressional Research Service. Jonathan L. Ramseur, Mary Tiemann. Updated April 10, 2019
The principal federal program to aid municipal wastewater
treatment plant construction is authorized in the Clean Water Act (CWA).
Established as a grant program in 1972, it now capitalizes state loan programs
through the clean water state revolving loan fund (CWSRF) program. Since
FY1972, appropriations have totaled $98 billion. In 1996, Congress amended the Safe Drinking
Water Act (SDWA, P.L. 104-182) to authorize a similar state loan program for
drinking water to help systems finance projects needed to comply with drinking
water regulations and to protect public health. Since FY1997, appropriations
for the drinking water state revolving loan fund (DWSRF) program have totaled
$23 billion. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) administers both
SRF programs, which annually distribute funds to the states for implementation.
Funding amounts are specified in the State and Tribal Assistance Grants (STAG)
account of EPA annual appropriations acts. The combined appropriations for
wastewater and drinking water infrastructure assistance have represented
25%-32% of total funds appropriated to EPA in recent years.
[PDF format, 43 pages].