Everyone Can Help with Contact Tracing

Everyone Can Help with Contact Tracing. YaleGlobal. Susan Froetschel and Douglas P. Olsen. May 13, 2020

Individuals and communities have some control over the spread of Covid-19. “As many communities in Europe, Asia and the Americas take steps to restart economies, public health departments rely on contact tracing to identify and isolate cases and prevent new waves of infections,” reports YaleGlobal. “To contain the virus quickly, WHO urges member states to recruit and train contact tracing team early when there is no or low transmissions.” Early on, many health providers recognized the benefit of recording their experiences. By mid-April, Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern urged New Zealanders to keep a daily diary of all activities and encounters, and Washington State considers requiring restaurants to gather names and contact details from diners. Slowing the pandemic requires social-distancing, masks, testing, contact tracing and tremendous self-discipline. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[HTML format, various paging].

The Effect Of COVID-19 and Disease Suppression Policies on Labor Markets: A Preliminary Analysis Of The Data

The Effect Of COVID-19 and Disease Suppression Policies on Labor Markets: A Preliminary Analysis Of The Data. Brookings Institution. Jonathan Rothwell and Hannah Van Drie. April 27, 2020

World leaders are deliberating when and how to re-open business operations amidst considerable uncertainty as to the economic consequences of the coronavirus. One pressing question is whether or not countries that have remained relatively open have managed to escape at least some of the economic harm, and whether that harm is related to the spread of the disease. A related issue is what forms of relief are most effective at preserving the employer-employee relationship and securing the foundations for a robust recovery once the economy re-opens. Some countries have leaned heavily on their unemployment insurance system, whereas others have prioritized business relief, which mandates the preservation of employee relationships.
To shed some light on these issues, we compiled data on unemployment and related benefit claims from 20 wealthy countries. Given the unusual circumstances of the pandemic and the variation across countries in novel policy responses—including the introduction of business relief programs designed to prevent unemployment, these measures should not be regarded as fully capturing the scale of economic disruption in a comparable way. Nonetheless, these data offer a useful preliminary look at what is happening across countries as we wait for more complete data from statistical offices. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[HTML format, various paging].

8 Charts on Internet Use around the World As Countries Grapple with COVID-19

8 Charts on Internet Use around the World As Countries Grapple with COVID-19. Pew Research Center. Shannon Schumacher and Nicholas Kent. April 2, 2020

People in the United States and around the world are turning to the internet to do their work and stay connected with others as the COVID-19 outbreak forces people to stay home and away from the office and crowds. A median of 77% across 34 countries use the internet at least occasionally or own an internet-enabled smartphone, according to a spring 2019 Pew Research Center survey. But there are stark digital divides. Younger people, those with higher incomes and those in wealthier countries are more likely to be digital technology users. Many people surveyed also use social media, but social media usage is not ubiquitous, even in economically advanced nations like Germany and Japan. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[HTML format, various paging].

How People around the World See Democracy in 8 Charts

How People around the World See Democracy in 8 Charts. Pew Research Center. Aidan Connaughton, Nicholas Kent And Shannon Schumacher. February 27, 2020

People around the world are widely dissatisfied with democracy in their country and believe that elected officials don’t care what people like them think, according to a new Pew Research Center survey. Global opinion is more divided on the question of whether the state is run for the benefit of all, while people generally agree that voting gives them a say about how the government runs things in their country. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[HTML format, various paging].

The Age of Mass Protests: Understanding an Escalating Global Trend

The Age of Mass Protests: Understanding an Escalating Global Trend. Center for Strategic & International Studies. Samuel Brannen, Christian Stirling Haig, Katherine Schmidt. March 2, 2020

We are living in an age of global mass protests that are historically unprecedented in frequency, scope, and size. Our analysis finds that the mass political protests that have captured media attention over the past year, such as those in Hong Kong and Santiago, are in fact part of a decade-long trend line affecting every major populated region of the world, the frequency of which have increased by an annual average of 11.5 percent between 2009 and 2019. The size and frequency of recent protests eclipse historical examples of eras of mass protest, such as the late-1960s, late-1980s, and early-1990s. Viewed in this broader context, the events of the Arab Spring were not an isolated phenomenon but rather an especially acute manifestation of a broadly increasing global trend. Analysis of the root causes of these global protests suggests they will continue and could increase in 2020 and beyond. While each protest has a unique context, common grievances overwhelmingly center on perceptions of ineffective governance and corruption. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 42 pages].

The Data Driving Democracy: Understanding How the Internet Is Transforming Politics and Civic Engagement

The Data Driving Democracy: Understanding How the Internet Is Transforming Politics and Civic Engagement. American Academy of Arts & Sciences. Christina Couch. February 2020.

This report outlines the data and methodologies researchers use to understand how the Internet has impacted democracy and the challenges they face in this field. The report summarizes key insights from interviews with fifteen experts from a broad array of computer science, data analysis, media studies, legal, and political science backgrounds. It specifically examines the data and research methodologies experts use to study how the Internet is changing democracy, the types of inferences that can (and can’t) be drawn with current resources, and barriers in this field. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 52 pages].

World Population: 2020 Overview

World Population: 2020 Overview. YaleGlobal. Joseph Chamie. February 11, 2020

Understanding global demographic trends is essential for government and business planners, offering insights into resolving numerous challenges. World population growth is slightly ahead of what was projected a few years ago, reports demographer Joseph Chamie. More than half the world lives in urban areas today, and that is expected to rise to 70 percent by 2050. Most population growth will continue in less developing nations while advanced economies experience population declines and greater proportions of elderly citizens due to increased life expectancy and reduced fertility rate. Chamie explains that more than 80 countries, half the world’s population, now post fertility rates below the replacement level. That leaves fewer workers available to support each individual over age 65, compelling governments and individuals to prepare for long retirements. Good planning can also prevent a variety of other hardships including food and water shortages, poverty, environmental degradation and even security crises. In 2011, former UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon pointed to the value of demographics and planning. “We cannot look at one strand in isolation,” he said. “Instead, we must examine how these strands are woven together.” [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[HTML format, various paging].

Schools of the Future: Defining New Models of Education for the Fourth Industrial Revolution

Schools of the Future: Defining New Models of Education for the Fourth Industrial Revolution. World Economic Forum. January 14, 2020.

As globalization and rapid advancements in technology continue to transform civic space and the world of work, education systems have grown increasingly disconnected from the realities and needs of global economies and societies. Education models must adapt to equip children with the skills to create a more inclusive, cohesive and productive world.
“Schools of the Future: Defining New Models of Education for the Fourth Industrial Revolution” outlines a new framework for defining quality education in the new economic and social context and shares key features of 16 schools, systems and programmes pioneering the future of education. These examples may serve as inspiration for driving holistic and transformative action on this important agenda. This paper is the result of a widely consultative process with educators, policy and business leaders, education technology developers and experts curated by the Platform for Shaping the Future of the New Economy and Society. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 34 pages].

Global Health and Security: Threats and Opportunities

Global Health and Security: Threats and Opportunities. RAND Corporation. Kathryn E. Bouskill, Elta Smith. December 13, 2019.

The spread of infectious disease can be deadlier than world wars — the Spanish flu, for instance, killed millions more people than World War I, one of the deadliest conflicts in human history. Yet present threats to public health, though less overt, could be considered more insidious than a deadly pandemic. In this Perspective, the authors review the current scope and operation of global health security, identify emerging threats, and assess how adequately current visions of global health security account for these threats. The authors identify two main threats to global health security: slow-burn problems — whose long-term effects are underestimated, potentially causing them to receive insufficient attention until it is too late to reverse the damage — and emerging technologies that have beneficial uses but that also can be used as weapons. The authors propose that a broader definition of global health security should be considered — one that would extend well beyond the threats of pandemics and bioweapons of mass destruction. They also maintain that global health security requires greater systematic focus on the complex interlinkages among human physical and mental health, animal health, and the environment.

Policymakers will face the challenge of balancing agility and rapid decisionmaking during times of crisis with a holistic scope that encompasses both imminent and future threats. The authors recommend that infectious disease remain a priority of global health security and that efforts to increase collaboration and trust among international leaders be fostered. In addition, the authors argue that global health security must not come at the expense of efforts to advance global public health, well-being, and human rights. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 27 pages].

10 Tech-Related Trends That Shaped the Decade

10 Tech-Related Trends That Shaped the Decade. Pew Research Center. Brooke Auxier, Monica Anderson And Madhu Kumar. December 20, 2019

The tech landscape has changed dramatically over the past decade, both in the United States and around the world. There have been notable increases in the use of social media and online platforms (including YouTube and Facebook) and technologies (like the internet, cellphones and smartphones), in some cases leading to near-saturation levels of use among major segments of the population. But digital tech also faced significant backlash in the 2010s. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[HTML format, various paging].