Motor Vehicle Prioritizing Interventions and Cost Calculator for States (MV PICCS). RAND Corporation. Liisa Ecola et al. February 2, 2018
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention offers an interactive calculator, called the Motor Vehicle Prioritizing Interventions and Cost Calculator for States (MV PICCS). This online tool can help state decisionmakers prioritize 14 effective motor vehicle injury–prevention interventions based on the costs and effectiveness for their states. MV PICCS not only calculates the expected number of injuries prevented and lives saved at the state level and the costs of implementation, but it selects those interventions that are most cost-effective for a given budget.This update, MV PICCS 3.0, provides a more user-friendly interface, more-intuitive results (including graphics summarizing key outputs), and the ability to create a PDF of the results for each model run. The underlying data have also been updated. A fact sheet for each intervention and a final report with a user guide are included, along with a supplement documenting the changes to the tool and its inputs.
Spending on Children Ages 8 and Younger. Urban Institute. Heather Hahn et al. December 7, 2017
Investments in young children can positively influence childhood well-being and long-term social and economic outcomes.
To provide a better understanding of public spending on young children, this report tackles questions about federal, state, and local investments. We provide information on how much the federal government spent on children ages 8 and younger in 2006 and 2016 and estimate projected spending in 2026. We also address where and how those funds are used. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 39 pages, 1.30 MB].
The Global Gender Gap Report 2017. World Economic Forum. November 2, 2017.
Gender parity is fundamental to whether and how economies and societies thrive. Ensuring the full development and appropriate deployment of half of the world’s total talent pool has a vast bearing on the growth, competitiveness and future-readiness of economies and businesses worldwide. The Global Gender Gap Report benchmarks 144 countries on their progress towards gender parity across four thematic dimensions: Economic Participation and Opportunity, Educational Attainment, Health and Survival, and Political Empowerment. In addition, this year’s edition also analyses the dynamics of gender gaps across industry talent pools and occupations. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 361 pages, 10.90 MB].
Global Skill Partnerships: A Proposal for Technical Training in a Mobile World (brief). Center for Global Development. Michael Clemens. October 11, 2017.
Within a decade, Europe will require hundreds of thousands more nurses than it is likely to train. To meet the growing need, nurses will move in large numbers to Western Europe from other countries, including those in Eastern Europe. But Eastern Europe currently lacks nurses already relative to Western Europe, while Eastern European youths crave opportunities in skilled employment. How can nurses trained in Eastern Europe move to Western Europe in a way that benefits both regions? [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[HTML format, various paging].
Later School Start Times in the U.S.: An Economic Analysis. RAND Corporation. Marco Hafner, Martin Stepanek, Wendy M. Troxel. August 30, 2017.
Numerous studies have shown that later school start times are associated with positive student outcomes, including improvements in academic performance, mental and physical health, and public safety. While the benefits are well-documented in the literature, there is opposition against delaying school times across the U.S. A major argument is the claim that delaying school start times will result in significant additional costs due to changes in transportation, such as rescheduling bus routes. This study investigates the economic implications of later school start times by examining a policy experiment and its subsequent state-wide economic effects of a state-wide universal shift in school start times to 8:30 a.m.
Using a novel macroeconomic modelling approach, the study estimates changes in the economic performance of 47 U.S. states following a delayed school start time, which includes the benefits of higher academic performance of students and reduced car crash rates. The benefit-cost projections of this study suggest that delaying school start times is a cost-effective, population-level strategy which could have a significant impact on public health and the U.S. economy. From a policy perspective, the study’s findings demonstrate the significant economic gains resulting from the delay in school start times over a relatively short period of time following the adoption of the policy change. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 57 pages, 1.07 MB].
What’s In, What’s Out: Designing Benefits for Universal Health Coverage. Center for Global Development. Amanda Glassman, Ursula Giedion and Peter C. Smith. July 3, 2017.
What’s In, What’s Out: Designing Benefits for Universal Health Coverage argues that the creation of an explicit health benefits plan—a defined list of services that are and are not available—is an essential element in creating a sustainable system of universal health coverage. With contributions from leading health economists and policy experts, the book considers the many dimensions of governance, institutions, methods, political economy, and ethics that are needed to decide what’s in and what’s out in a way that is fair, evidence-based, and sustainable over time. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 378 pages, 5.48 MB].
Impacts of Onshore Oil and Gas Development: Managing Societal and Environmental Risks. Center for Strategic & International Studies. Frank A. Verrastro et al. June 27, 2017
This note provides highlights from a one-day CSIS workshop held April 26, 2017, with government, state regulators, industry, and policy experts exploring ongoing efforts to minimize and manage upstream environmental, health, safety, and societal risks associated with U.S. onshore oil and gas production. The workshop was the second in a three-part workshop series, with the first part covering key issues concerning the role of U.S. tight oil production in global markets and the final installment to target global natural gas markets. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 15 pages, 395.88 KB].