Generation AI Establishing Global Standards for Children and AI. World Economic Forum. September 11, 2019.
On 6-7 May 2019, the World Economic Forum Centre for the
Fourth Industrial Revolution and its partners UNICEF and the Canadian Institute
for Advanced Research (CIFAR) hosted a workshop in San Francisco on the joint
“Generation AI” initiative. This workshop identified deliverables in two key
areas: 1) public policy guidelines that direct countries on creating new laws focused
on children and 2) a corporate governance charter that guides companies
leveraging AI to design their products and services with children in mind. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 18 pages].
Federal Preemption: A Legal Primer. Congressional Research Service. Jay B. Sykes, Nicole Vanatko. July 23, 2019
The Constitution’s Supremacy Clause provides that federal
law is “the supreme Law of the Land” notwithstanding any state law to the
contrary. This language is the foundation for the doctrine of federal
preemption, according to which federal law supersedes conflicting state laws.
The Supreme Court has identified two general ways in which federal law can
preempt state law. First, federal law can expressly preempt state law when a
federal statute or regulation contains explicit preemptive language. Second,
federal law can impliedly preempt state law when Congress’s preemptive intent
is implicit in the relevant federal law’s structure and purpose.
[PDF format, 32 pages].
Human Rights in a Shifting Landscape: Recommendations for Congress. Center for Strategic & International Studies. Amy K. Lehr et al. September 9, 2019
Human Rights are part of the American DNA. Congress has long
advocated for human rights to play an integral role in U.S. foreign policy,
with significant success. However, rising authoritarianism and the gross human
rights violations taking place around the world call for immediate and stronger
U.S. leadership and Congressional action. To that end, the Human Rights
Initiative of CSIS worked with CSIS scholars, who developed recommendations
relevant to their expertise that identify how Congress can build on its past
human rights leadership to meet today’s challenges. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 59 pages].
Resolving Legislative Differences in Congress: Conference Committees and Amendments Between the Houses. Congressional Research Service. Elizabeth Rybicki. Updated May 22, 2019
The Constitution requires that the House and Senate approve
the same bill or joint resolution in precisely the same form before it is
presented to the President for his signature or veto. To this end, both houses
must pass the same measure and then attempt to reach agreement about its
provisions. The House and Senate may be able to reach agreement by an exchange
of amendments between the houses. Each house has one opportunity to amend the
amendments from the other house, so there can be Senate amendments to House
amendments to Senate amendments to a House bill. House amendments to Senate
bills or amendments are privileged for consideration on the Senate floor;
Senate amendments to House bills or amendments generally are not privileged for
consideration on the House floor. In practice, the House often disposes of
amendments between the houses under the terms of a special rule reported by the
Rules Committee. The Senate sometimes disposes of House amendments by unanimous
consent, but the procedures associated with the exchange of amendments can
[PDF format, 35 pages].
Sharpening Our Efforts: The Role of International Development in Countering Violent Extremism. Center for Strategic & International Studies. Enrique Betancourt et al. June 28, 2019
Thanks to the generous support and cooperation from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), the CSIS Project on Prosperity and Development releases this new essay anthology, Sharpening Our Efforts: The Role of International Development in Countering Violent Extremism. As policymakers confront the ongoing challenge of radicalization and violent extremism, it is important that stakeholders and counterterrorism strategists recognize the critical role for development and other non-kinetic approaches to counter violent extremism (CVE). To that end, this new anthology takes a multidimensional role mapping out the role of soft power institutions in enabling lasting peace, prosperity, and global security. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 49 pages].
The Rule of Law: A Critical Building Block for Good Governance and Economic Growth. Center for Strategic & International Studies. Conor M. Savoy. June 18, 2019
This report seeks to provide a brief overview of how donors
have traditionally approached the rule of law, what the problem is from an
investment climate perspective, an overview of U.S. support for rule of law,
and, finally, recommendations going forward. [Note:
contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 23 pages].
SBA Office of the National Ombudsman: Overview, History, and Current Issues. Congressional Research Service. Robert Jay Dilger. Updated April 4, 2019
The Office of the National Ombudsman was created in 1996 as
part of P.L. 104-121, the Contract with America Advancement Act of 1996 (Title
II, the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996 [SBREFA]).
Housed within the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA), the office’s
primary purpose is to provide small businesses, small government entities
(those serving populations of less than 50,000), and small nonprofit
organizations that believe they have experienced unfair or excessive regulatory
compliance or enforcement actions (such as repetitive audits or investigations,
excessive fines, and retaliation by federal agencies) a means to comment about
[PDF format, 19 pages].