Can Regular Migration Channels Reduce Irregular Migration? Lessons for Europe from the United States. Center for Global Development. Michael Clemens and Kate Gough. February 14, 2018
Lawful migration channels are often suggested as a tool to reduce unlawful migration, but often without much evidence that they work. There is evidence that lawful channels for migration between Mexico and the United States have suppressed unlawful migration, but only when combined with robust enforcement efforts. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 6 pages].
Roots of Prosperity: The Economics and Finance of Restoring Land. World Resources Institute. Helen Ding et al. December 2017
This report provides a comprehensive analysis of the benefits and costs of restoring forests and landscapes in countries around the world, demonstrating how smart policies and innovative financing can help governments meet their restoration targets. The authors find that finance, both public and private, for restoration is inadequate for seven reasons, and offers solutions to these financial barriers.
The publication also outlines the main steps involved in carrying out economic analyses, bringing to light the full value of ecosystem services and social benefits as well as the costs of degradation. These insights can help governments to develop policy instruments and financing mechanisms that promote restoration on the ground. They can also help stakeholders incorporate environmental and social benefits into financing decisions. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 80 pages, 3.2 MB].
IRC Sofia wishes all its readers a Merry Christmas and a very happy, healthy, safe and prosperous 2016!
IRC Sofia wishes all its readers a Merry Christmas and a very happy, healthy, safe and prosperous 2015!
Beset by Online Surveillance and Content Filtering, Netizens Fight On. Reporters Without Borders. March 12, 2012.
The last reprot highlighted the fact that the Internet and social networks have been conclusively established as tools for protest, campaigning and circulating information, and as vehicles for freedom. In the months that followed, repressive regimes responded with tougher measures to what they regarded as unacceptable attempts to “destabilize” their authority. In 2011, netizens were at the heart of the political changes in the Arab world and elsewhere. They tried to resist the imposition of a news and information blackout but paid a high price.At the same time, supposedly democratic countries continued to set a bad example by yielding to the temptation to prioritize security over other concerns and by adopting disproportionate measures to protect copyright. Internet users in “free” countries have learned to react in order to protect what they have won. More than ever before, online freedom of expression is now a major foreign and domestic policy issue, according to the report.
State of the New Media 2012. Project for Excellence in Journalism. March 19, 2012.
Mobile devices are adding to people’s consumption of news, strengthening the lure of traditional news brands and providing a boost to long-form journalism, according to the Project for Excellence in Journalism’s ninth annual report on the health of American journalism. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
The Gender Gap: Three Decades Old, as Wide as Ever. Pew Research Center for the People & the Press. March 29, 2012.
According to the Pew Research Center’s most recent national survey, conducted March 7-11, Barack Obama’s advantages among women voters over his GOP rivals are striking, with women favoring Obama over Mitt Romney by 20 points and over Rick Santorum by 26 points. When it comes to the political parties, 51% of women identify with the Democrats compared to 42% of men. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
GOP Race Is Rallying Democrats: Campaign Continues to Hurt GOP More Than It Helps. Pew Research Center for the People & the Press. March 5, 2012.
The Republican nomination battle is rallying Democrats behind Barack Obama. Currently, 49% of Democrats say that as they learn more about the GOP candidates, their impression of Obama is getting better. Just 36% of Democrats expressed this view in December, before the Republican primaries began. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
WOMEN’S ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY 2012: A GLOBAL INDEX AND RANKING. Economist Intelligence Unit. March 2012.
Women are the world’s greatest undeveloped source of labour: nearly one-half of working-age women are not currently active in the formal global economy. By working disproportionately in unpaid labour, particularly in developing countries, women traditionally have had less access than men to income and resources. Thus, they are often less productive than men, which holds back the overall economy. As governments worldwide seek short- and long-term fixes to waning economic performance, expanding opportunities for the 1.5bn women not employed in the formal sector will take on even greater importance. But simply increasing the number of working women will not be enough. The poorest regions of the world have among the highest levels of female labour force participation, and poverty in those regions persists. Rather, to realise greater returns from female economic activity, the legal, social, financial and educational barriers hindering women’s productivity need to be removed, according to the report. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
ENTERPRISING WOMEN, THRIVING SOCIETIES. International Information Program, U.S. Department of State. March 2012.
This issue of eJournal USA encourages women to pursue their entrepreneurial ambitions. It cites the experiences of businesswomen around the world and features successful women entrepreneurs who can serve as role models. It also identifies barriers and best practices for overcoming them.
MAKING THEIR MARK: BLACK WOMEN LEADERS. International Information Program, U.S. Department of State. February 2012.
The eJournal profiles African-American women of the 20th and 21st centuries who have made significant contributions to many spheres of American life. It also offers insights into how earlier generations of African-American women serve as touchstones for the present generation. The list of women featured here, while not comprehensive, is wide-ranging. It includes women who have devoted their talents and energies to business, civil rights, politics, academia and mass media. Each in her way has affirmed the American Dream not only for African Americans, but for women and men of all ethnicities.