Motor Vehicle Prioritizing Interventions and Cost Calculator for States

Motor Vehicle Prioritizing Interventions and Cost Calculator for States (MV PICCS). RAND Corporation. Liisa Ecola et al. February 2, 2018

 The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention offers an interactive calculator, called the Motor Vehicle Prioritizing Interventions and Cost Calculator for States (MV PICCS). This online tool can help state decisionmakers prioritize 14 effective motor vehicle injury–prevention interventions based on the costs and effectiveness for their states. MV PICCS not only calculates the expected number of injuries prevented and lives saved at the state level and the costs of implementation, but it selects those interventions that are most cost-effective for a given budget.This update, MV PICCS 3.0, provides a more user-friendly interface, more-intuitive results (including graphics summarizing key outputs), and the ability to create a PDF of the results for each model run. The underlying data have also been updated. A fact sheet for each intervention and a final report with a user guide are included, along with a supplement documenting the changes to the tool and its inputs.


Despite Growing Gender Equality, More Women Stay at Home Than Men

Despite Growing Gender Equality, More Women Stay at Home Than Men. YaleGlobal. Joseph Chamie. January 25, 2018

 Women have made great strides in education, employment, politics and equality in general worldwide, but participation in the labor force remains stubbornly below those of men. “By and large, a substantial proportion of mothers withdraw from employment after childbirth,” explains demography expert Joseph Chamie. Choices vary for men and women about working full or part time, placing children or elders in care, or staying at home for family duties. In India for 2016, 29 percent of women with young children joined the workforce versus 81 percent of men, and in Sweden, 80 percent of women are in the workforce versus 84 percent of men. Low participation rates contribute to a gender gap in wages, and higher participation rates contribute to economic growth and reduce poverty. Individuals and families make many calculations in balancing work and family responsibilities. Chamie notes that “families with two incomes are better prepared for unemployment, higher education, martial disruption, illness or economic downturns.” [Note: contains copyrighted material].

 [HTML format, various paging].

Earmarked Revenues: How the European Union Can Learn from US Budgeting Experience

Earmarked Revenues: How the European Union Can Learn from US Budgeting Experience. Peterson Institute for International Economics. Policy Brief, 18-2. Jacob Funk Kirkegaard. January 2018

 New challenges facing the European Union—immigration pressures, the need to decrease security dependence on an increasingly erratic United States, and the United Kingdom’s exit from the European Union (Brexit)—are compelling EU leaders to consider overhauling the revenue side of the European Union’s existing budget. To deal with these challenges in the future, the European Union will need resources—at a time when Europeans are increasingly skeptical about the effectiveness of budget-making in Brussels. Longstanding US budgetary procedures of trust fund accounting and earmarking government revenue towards specific priorities can provide a template for European policymakers. Shifting the EU budget towards more earmarked resources would reduce distrust among taxpayers by limiting Brussels’ spending discretion while focusing expenditures on specific challenges facing the European project. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

 [PDF format, 15 pages].

Blockchains Will Change the Way the World Votes

Blockchains Will Change the Way the World Votes. Center for Strategic & International Studies. Phillip Meylan, Daniel F. Runde. January 26, 2018

 Amid the clamor around bitcoin’s ascendant (now descendant) value, the potential of a far greater contributor to society has been clouded. Bitcoin—which has in recent months been both the godsend and the bane of speculative investors around the world—is made possible by its underlying blockchain technology. Lauded as a technological innovation on the same magnitude as the internet, blockchains at their simplest are diffuse electronic ledgers that garner efficiency, transparency, and remarkable security through a decentralized structure. You don’t have to understand everything about the underlying technology to see how such a system could have a significant impact on our lives.

Blockchains are now being adopted globally for things as diverse as smart contracts, property rights, health care, and humanitarian assistance. But, blockchains also have enormous potential to revolutionize the way elections are conducted. If implemented correctly, such systems could mobilize new electorates, increase voter participation, reduce election violence, and make elections more secure and reliable than ever before. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

 [HTML format, various paging].

The Business of Planting Trees: A Growing Investment Opportunity

The Business of Planting Trees: A Growing Investment Opportunity. World Resources Institute. Sofia Faruqi et al. January 2018      

In recent years, hundreds of companies have entered the restoration industry. They represent a wide range of business models that deliver financial returns for investors while restoring forests and agricultural lands. This report profiles 14 businesses that are part of an emerging restoration economy. It highlights four promising investment themes in land restoration: technology, consumer products, project management, and commercial forestry. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

 [PDF format, 66 pages, 5.8 MB].

Publics Globally Want Unbiased News Coverage, but Are Divided on Whether Their News Media Deliver

Publics Globally Want Unbiased News Coverage, but Are Divided on Whether Their News Media Deliver. Pew Research Center.  Amy Mitchell et al. January 11, 2018.

 Publics around the world overwhelmingly agree that the news media should be unbiased in their coverage of political issues, according to a new Pew Research Center survey of 38 countries. Yet, when asked how their news media are doing on reporting different political issues fairly, people are far more mixed in their sentiments, with many saying their media do not deliver. And, in many countries, there are sharp political differences in views of the media – with the largest gap among Americans. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

 [PDF format, 55 pages, 2.26 MB].