Iran-North Korea-Syria Ballistic Missile and Nuclear Cooperation

Iran-North Korea-Syria Ballistic Missile and Nuclear Cooperation. Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress. Paul K. Kerr et al. February 26, 2016.

Congress has at times expressed concern regarding ballistic missile and nuclear programs in Iran, North Korea, and Syria. This report focuses primarily on unclassified and declassified U.S. Intelligence Community (IC) assessments over the past two decades. These assessments indicate that there is no evidence that Iran and North Korea have engaged in nuclear-related trade or cooperation with each other, although ballistic missile technology cooperation between the two is significant and meaningful, and Syria has received ballistic missiles and related technology from North Korea and Iran and also engaged in nuclear technology cooperation with North Korea.

[PDF format, 13 pages, 608.0 KB].

The New Russian Engagement with Latin America: Strategic Position, Commerce, and Dreams of the Past

The New Russian Engagement with Latin America: Strategic Position, Commerce, and Dreams of the Past. Strategic Studies Institute. R. Evan Ellis. June 17, 2015.

Although overshadowed by China, Russia’s re-engagement with Latin America and the Caribbean, which includes military deployments, arms sales, and the negotiation of base access agreements, impacts the regional security environment and potentially challenges U.S. national security. The monograph provides one of the first broad, in depth analyses of Russian engagement in the region, including an examination of its political and economic, as well as military activities, with an examination of implications for the U.S. and recommendation for U.S. policymakers.

[HTML format with a link to the PDF file].

Trends in International Arms Transfers, 2012

Trends in International Arms Transfers, 2012. Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. Paul Holtom et al. March 2013.

The volume of international transfers of major conventional weapons was 17 per cent higher in the period 2008-12 than in 2003-2007 (see figure 1). The five biggest exporters in the period 2008-12 were the United States, Russia, Germany, France and China. This is the first time since the end of the cold war that a state from outside Europe and North America has appeared among the five largest arms exporters. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 8 pages, 216.73 KB].