The 2016 Olympic Games: Health, Security, Environmental, and Doping Issues

The 2016 Olympic Games: Health, Security, Environmental, and Doping Issues. Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress. L. Elaine Halchin and John W. Rollins. July 28, 2016.

The 2016 Olympic Games will be held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, August 5–21, 2016, and will be followed by the Paralympic Games, September 7–18, 2016. Notably, these are the first games to be hosted by a South American city. Reportedly, 10,500 athletes from 206 countries will participate in the Olympics, including 555 athletes from the United States. Most Olympic events will take place in and around Rio de Janeiro. In addition to Rio de Janeiro, soccer matches will be held in the cities of Belo Horizonte, Brasília, Manaus, São Paulo, and Salvador. Host countries and cities often have to deal with a variety of questions or issues, which is also true for Brazil and Rio de Janeiro. The list of issues or potential problems that might have implications for athletes, team personnel, and spectators participating in or attending the 2016 Rio Games includes the Zika virus, public safety threats, security concerns, and environmental conditions.

[PDF format, 38 pages, 1.24 MB].

Biofuel Use in International Markets: The Importance of Trade

Biofuel Use in International Markets: The Importance of Trade. Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. Jayson Beckman. September 3, 2015.

The study examines the main factors affecting the demand and supply of biofuels; shifts in biofuel production, consumption, and policy; and trends in biofuel trade, focusing on the United States, Brazil, and the EU. It also offers insight into potential future changes for U.S. biofuel markets.

http://www.ers.usda.gov/media/1895311/eib144_summary.pdf Summary [PDF format, 2 pages, 169 KB].

http://www.ers.usda.gov/media/1895316/eib144.pdf Full Text [PDF format, 38 pages, 2.61 MB].

The Impact of Taxes and Social Spending on Inequality and Poverty in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Mexico, and Peru: A Synthesis of Results

The Impact of Taxes and Social Spending on Inequality and Poverty in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Mexico, and Peru: A Synthesis of Results. Center for Global Development. Nora Lustig et al. November 26, 2012.

Latin America is known for high levels of inequality, which governments can lessen somewhat through smart policy. The authors analyze how and whether taxes, subsidies, and social spending reduce inequality across countries in the region and identify which policies are most beneficial. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 28 pages, 955 KB].