Research Handbook on Climate Change Adaptation Policy. Social and Political Science. June 3, 2019.
This topical and engaging Research Handbook illustrates the
variety of research approaches in the field of climate change adaptation policy
in order to provide a guide to its social and institutional complexity. A range
of international expert contributors offer interdisciplinary explorations of
climate change adaptation policy from policy sciences, legal, and practitioner
perspectives. Using examples from a variety of sectors including water, health
and land use, and multiple levels of governance and country contexts, from
international to local, and developing to developed countries, the chapters
examine a wealth of theoretical orientations towards climate change adaptation
policy and their underpinnings. In doing so, this Research Handbook provides an
understanding of the complexity of the institutions, decision-makers and
assumptions that are involved in adaptation research as well as adaptation
policy development and implementation. This Research Handbook will be an
indispensable resource for both researchers and practitioners in climate change
adaptation with an interest in the research methods and policies that support
and advance it. Undergraduate and postgraduate students of environmental
studies, public policy and politics will also find this book provides a
valuable foundation for building a deeper knowledge of adaptation science and
policy. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 528 pages].
Towards More Inclusive Climate Change Adaptation: Journal. International Institute for Environment and Development. April 2019.
Our understanding of climate change impacts and
vulnerability in urban centres has grown rapidly in recent years, as has the number
of cities developing and implementing plans to respond to the challenges of
climate change. The papers in this issue explore such plans and responses in a
variety of contexts and scales, from transnational networks for adaptation that
incorporate Indonesian cities, to urban adaptation in the Solomon Islands and
Vanuatu. Several papers explore the gendered aspects of adaptation (in Dar es
Salaam, Tanzania and Khulna City, Bangladesh). Another zeroes in on the way
urban migrants are particularly affected in India.
A common theme is attention to the informal settlements that
are particularly exposed to climate-related hazards in cities. Another theme
across the papers in this issue is the need for genuinely inclusive adaptation;
one paper details the participatory planning processes in three small- to
medium-sized Latin American cities.
Also in this issue of Environment and Urbanization are papers on: 50 years of housing policies in Latin America; the Smart Cities craze in India; participatory slum upgrading in Afghanistan; household water consumption in Shanghai; policy pilots for co-production in four Chinese cities; the use of satellilte data to study Indian slums; sanitation bye-law enforcement in Accra; provision of basic services in Syria; and malaria in peri-urban areas of Colombia. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
Analyse Widely, Act Deeply: Forest and Farm Producer Organisations and the Goal of Climate Resilient Landscapes. International Institute for Environment and Development. James Mayers. April 2019.
Local organisations, thriving among smallholders dependent on
adjacent forests or trees growing on their farms, constitute perhaps the
world’s biggest and most effective force for improved rural livelihoods and
sustainability. They face fast-changing pressures. Many are likely to find it
useful to have an organisational goal of contributing to climate resilient
landscapes. Various international programmes can help in understanding and
supporting such contributions – especially through practical actions for
climate adaptation and mitigation, and forest restoration. ‘Landscape
approaches’ are helpful for analysing the various connected issues, while
context-specific politically-savvy planning is needed for effective action.
This paper explores the possible motivations and actions for climate resilient
landscapes amongst four different sorts of forest and farm producer
organisations (FFPOs): indigenous peoples’ organisations, community forest
organisations, forest and farm producer groups, and processing groups in urban
and peri-urban contexts. The Forest and Farm Facility (FFF) aims to help FFPOs
to further develop and pursue such practical actions over the next five years.
[Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 28 pages].
Attaching a Price to Greenhouse Gas Emissions with a Carbon Tax or Emissions Fee: Considerations and Potential Impacts. Congressional Research Service. Jonathan L. Ramseur, Jane A. Leggett. March 22, 2019
The U.S. Fourth National Climate Assessment, released in
2018, concluded that “the impacts of global climate change are already being
felt in the United States and are projected to intensify in the future—but the
severity of future impacts will depend largely on actions taken to reduce
greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions and to adapt to the changes that will occur.”
Members of Congress and stakeholders articulate a wide range of perspectives
over what to do, if anything, about GHG emissions, future climate change, and
related impacts. If Congress were to consider establishing a program to reduce
GHG emissions, one option would be to attach a price to GHG emissions with a
carbon tax or GHG emissions fee. In the 115th Congress, Members introduced nine
bills to establish a carbon tax or emissions fee program. However, many Members
have expressed their opposition to such an approach. In particular, in the
115th Congress, the House passed a resolution “expressing the sense of Congress
that a carbon tax would be detrimental to the United States economy.”
[PDF format, 40 pages].
Creating a New Marketplace for Resilient Infrastructure Investment. Brookings Institution. Joseph Kane and Adie Tomer. March 18, 2019
Climate change is getting harder to ignore, from alarming
new reports about its impacts to debates around a Green New Deal. Yet for all
this attention, individual places—from the biggest cities to the smallest
towns—are still struggling to do something about it.
An unpredictable climate should serve as a strong motivator
for every community to better maintain its manmade and natural stormwater
infrastructure to be more flexible and responsive. Increased flood risks are
among the clearest challenges, with climate change already having generated
billions of dollars in flooding costs. But as we saw in Houston during
Hurricane Harvey—and in several other places along the Gulf Coast, Mississippi
River, and beyond over the past few years—many communities currently have
failing systems of water pipes, plants, and natural wetlands. Even more
troubling is how communities cannot even handle runoff from daily rainfall, as
well as additional pollution.
Communities need a new approach to accelerate investment in infrastructure that is resilient to growing climate pressures. They should carry out proactive repairs of their aging, inefficient stormwater systems as a way to deliver fiscal savings and long-term environmental and economic benefits. They also should invest in new technologies and green infrastructure to better protect properties and improve livability. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
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Climate Change Impacts on Power Systems. YaleGlobal. Debabrata Chattopadhyay, Morgan D. Bazilian and Mohar Chattopadhyay. February 5, 2019
Climate change threatens all industries with storms, wildfires, droughts, heat waves and rising seas, and the energy industry has no special standing. “Together, these risks can lead to power outages, increased electricity prices and increased maintenance, and capital costs – along with damaging economic, environmental, and public health consequences,” explain Debabrata Chattopadhyay, Morgan Bazilian and Mohar Chattopadhyay. “Growing evidence now suggests the entire energy supply chain, particularly power generation transmission and distribution, is vulnerable to climate change and disaster events.” Pacific Gas & Electric Company declared bankruptcy following the fierce wildfires that tore through Northern California in November, and other power companies in places as diverse as the New York metropolitan region and Bangladesh prepare. The three researchers call for a resilience-focused approach: hardening power systems, anticipating climate risks for any planning and investments, and relying on state-of-the-art technologies for adaptation. The power industry is large, complex and essential, and the writers urge equal attention on mitigation and adaptation. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
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Climate Change Still Seen as the Top Global Threat, but Cyberattacks a Rising Concern. Pew Research Center. Jacob Poushter and Christine Huang. February 10, 2019
Worries about ISIS and North Korea persist, as fears about American power grow
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change released a report last year expressing serious concerns about the possible impacts of climate change, both in the near and distant future. Broadly speaking, people around the world agree that climate change poses a severe risk to their countries, according to a 26-nation survey conducted in the spring of 2018. In 13 of these countries, people name climate change as the top international threat.
But global warming is just one of many concerns. Terrorism, specifically from the Islamic extremist group known as ISIS, and cyberattacks are also seen by many as major security threats. In eight of the countries surveyed, including Russia, France, Indonesia and Nigeria, ISIS is seen as the top threat. In four nations, including Japan and the United States, people see cyberattacks from other countries as their top international concern. One country, Poland, names Russia’s power and influence as its top threat, but few elsewhere say Russia is a major concern. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 37 pages].