Countering Threats to Correctional Institution Security: Identifying Innovation Needs to Address Current and Emerging Concerns. RAND Corporation. Joe Russo et al. July 30, 2019
Some threats to correctional institutional security — e.g.,
violence, escape attempts, contraband — are as old as the institutions
themselves, while other threats — e.g., computer hacking, synthetic drugs, cell
phones, drones — have evolved with societal and technological changes. Many of
these threats present risks to public safety as a whole. In light of the
ongoing challenges the corrections sector faces in countering these threats,
RAND researchers convened an expert workshop to better understand the
challenges and identify the high-priority needs associated with threats to
Unfortunately, resource and staffing challenges limit the
ability of correctional institutions to adapt to shifts in threats and to
adjust security and staffing strategies over time. Furthermore, a perpetual
lack of empirical data hampers efforts to effectively develop interventions to
address threats. Addressing the research needs and developing the tools and
resources — as prioritized by the workshop participants — is one route to
providing correctional institutions the support needed to confront security
threats going forward. [Note: contains copyrighted
[PDF format, 28 pages].
Transforming the U.S. and EU Electric Power Sectors: Workshop Report and Recommendations for Transatlantic Cooperation. Center for Strategic & International Studies. Sarah Ladislaw, Stephen J. Naimoli. August 29, 2019
Across Europe and the United States, the electric power
sector is undergoing a fairly profound transformation driven by a changing fuel
mix, higher penetration of renewable energy resources, changing consumer
preferences and interface with the electric power system, and evolving business
models. Policy and regulatory frameworks need to be updated to reflect these
changes and facilitate future transformation. In both places this
transformation is uneven, with some localities moving along faster than others,
and complex, driven by a variety of factors. While the transformation is
multidimensional, two conversations relating to the long-term vision for the
sector are central to navigating a path forward. First, what are the challenges
and opportunities associated with higher penetration of renewable energy and
distributed energy resources? Second, what are the opportunities and challenges
associated with the electrification strategies, particularly for measures to
electrify transport and industry? In addition, the increased digitalization of
the energy sector writ large, and specifically the electric power sector,
raises issues about access to data, cybersecurity, and grid resilience, all
areas that have become an integral part of the conversation in the European
Union and the United States on the transformation of the electric power sector.
The following brief outlines some of the issues related to
these topics that were discussed at a recent U.S./EU stakeholder workshop held
at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in June 2019. The
information and reflections here do not necessarily represent the views of the
participants and are meant to serve as useful background to stimulate further
discussion. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 16 pages].
5G in Five (not so) Easy Pieces. Brookings Institution. Tom Wheeler. July 9, 2019
Throughout the world, ink is being spilled and electrons
exercised in a frenetic focus on fifth generation wireless technology, or 5G.
The 5G discussion, with all its permutations and combinations, has grown to
resemble an elementary school soccer game where everyone chases the ball, first
in one direction, then another.
In classic network engineering terms, the “noise”
surrounding 5G is interfering with the “signal” about just what 5G is and what
is necessary for its introduction. Consideration of 5G is far more serious than
the so-called 5G “race” concocted by those seeking to advantage themselves in
the business or political market—especially the political market. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[HTML format, various paging].
Cybersecurity: Changing the Model. Atlantic Council. Franklin D. Kramer and Robert J. Butler. April 24, 2019
The current model of cybersecurity is outdated. Adversaries
continue to grow more sophisticated and outpace advancements in defense
technologies, processes, and education. As nation states enter into a new
period of great power competition, the deficiencies in current cybersecurity
practice, evidenced by the growing number of successful cyber-attacks from
Russia, China, North Korea, and others, pose a greater threat.
The need to update the cybersecurity model is clear. An
enhanced public-private model – based on coordinated, advanced protection and
resilience – is necessary to protect key critical infrastructure sectors. In
addition, enhanced action from the federal government, coupled with increased
formal cooperation with international allies, are necessary to ensure
comprehensive cybersecurity resilience. [Note: contains copyrighted
[PDF format, 28 pages].
Climate Change Still Seen as the Top Global Threat, but Cyberattacks a Rising Concern. Pew Research Center. Jacob Poushter and Christine Huang. February 10, 2019
Worries about ISIS and North Korea persist, as fears about American power grow
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change released a report last year expressing serious concerns about the possible impacts of climate change, both in the near and distant future. Broadly speaking, people around the world agree that climate change poses a severe risk to their countries, according to a 26-nation survey conducted in the spring of 2018. In 13 of these countries, people name climate change as the top international threat.
But global warming is just one of many concerns. Terrorism, specifically from the Islamic extremist group known as ISIS, and cyberattacks are also seen by many as major security threats. In eight of the countries surveyed, including Russia, France, Indonesia and Nigeria, ISIS is seen as the top threat. In four nations, including Japan and the United States, people see cyberattacks from other countries as their top international concern. One country, Poland, names Russia’s power and influence as its top threat, but few elsewhere say Russia is a major concern. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 37 pages].
Economic Impact of Cybercrime – No Slowing Down. Center for Strategic & International Studies. James Andrew Lewis. February 21, 2018
The Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), in partnership with McAfee, present Economic Impact of Cybercrime – No Slowing Down, a global report that focuses on the significant impact that cybercrime has on economies worldwide. The report concludes that close to $600 billion, nearly one percent of global GDP, is lost to cybercrime each year, which is up from a 2014 study that put global losses at about $445 billion. The report attributes the growth over three years to cybercriminals quickly adopting new technologies and the ease of cybercrime growing as actors leverage black markets and digital currencies. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 28 pages].
Rethinking Cybersecurity: Strategy, Mass Effect, and States. Center for Strategic & International Studies. James Andrew Lewis. January 9, 2018
Despite all the attention, cyberspace is far from secure. Why this is so reflects conceptual weaknesses as much as imperfect technologies. Two questions highlight shortcomings in the discussion of cybersecurity. The first is why, after more than two decades, we have not seen anything like a cyber Pearl Harbor, cyber 9/11, or cyber catastrophe, despite constant warnings. The second is why, despite the increasing quantity of recommendations, there has been so little improvement, even when these recommendations are implemented. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 50 pages].