The Trans-Pacific Partnership: Lessons from Negotiations

The Trans-Pacific Partnership: Lessons from Negotiations. National Bureau of Asian Research. Richard Katz. September 4, 2014.

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), a proposed free trade agreement (FTA) encompassing twelve nations in Asia and the Americas, was intended to be the most far-reaching and comprehensive FTA yet negotiated. It goes beyond traditional market access issues to deal with the thorny problems in intellectual property rights, investment codes, and state-owned enterprises, in ways far beyond the World Trade Organization (WTO) or past FTAs negotiated by the United States. According to the report, unless a TPP agreement is signed by the first few months of 2015, the entire venture could go the way of the Doha Round of WTO talks, with unending negotiations that never reach agreement. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 2 pages, 233.42 KB].

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Countering Others’ Insurgencies: Understanding U.S. Small-Footprint Interventions in Local Context

Countering Others’ Insurgencies: Understanding U.S. Small-Footprint Interventions in Local Context. RAND Corporation. Stephen Watts et al. February 25, 2014.

The report describes counterinsurgency strategies and practices and conditions in which U.S. “small-footprint” partnerships may succeed. Successful U.S. operations have been concentrated in favorable conditions, but most insurgencies occur in worst-case conditions. Case studies of the Philippines and Pakistan reinforce findings of the analysis and highlight challenges for the U.S. in trying to influence partners. The authors provide recommendations are offered for managing troubled partnerships. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

http://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/research_reports/RR500/RR513/RAND_RR513.sum.pdf Summary [PDF format, 12 pages, 0.1 MB].

http://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/research_reports/RR500/RR513/RAND_RR513.pdf Full Text [PDF format, 254 pages, 1.3 MB].

Enhancing Value Chains

Enhancing Value Chains. Center for Strategic & International Studies. Matthew P. Goodman. November 26, 2013.

Economic integration has been a focus of Asia-Pacific affairs for the last quarter century. To support and strengthen economic ties, governments in the region have pursued an array of integration initiatives, from the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum launched in 1989 to bilateral and regional trade negotiations currently underway. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 34 pages, 1.90 MB].

Philippines Disaster Draws Limited Interest, Donations

Philippines Disaster Draws Limited Interest, Donations. Pew Research Center for the People and the Press. November 19, 2013.

The aftermath of Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines is drawing less attention from the American public than a number of other major international disasters in recent years. About one-in-three Americans (32%) say they are very closely following news about the deadly typhoon that struck the Philippines on Nov. 8. By comparison, 55% of the public closely followed the aftermath of the 2011 tsunami in Japan, 58% followed the tsunami that struck coastlines around the Indian Ocean at the end of 2004, and 60% followed the 2010 Haiti earthquake. In the new national survey, conducted Nov. 14-17 among 1,013 adults, Typhoon Haiyan tied with economic news as the second-most closely followed story this week. The health care rollout was the public’s top story, with 37% following it very closely. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 14 pages, 464.04 KB].

Exports No Longer Sole Path to Economic Rescue

Exports No Longer Sole Path to Economic Rescue. YaleGlobal. Will Hickey. October 24, 2013.

The global economy is in flux. Emerging economies await signals of an improving U.S. economy and for Federal Reserve plans to pull back from bond purchases on the order of $85 billion per month. Anticipating an end to those capital flows, investors began withdrawing capital from emerging markets, prompting currencies to fall in nations like India and Indonesia, explains Will Hickey. Reliance on exports no longer offers an easy answer for the emerging economies as the United States and many European countries with aging populations and high debt reduce spending. Hickey urges countries to address corruption, education systems mismatched with job needs, outdated infrastructure, bloated pubic sectors and bureaucracies, all of which can stifle innovation. Good economic policy builds upon education and the use of skills in adding value to products and services. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

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The Dark Side of Transition: Violence Against Muslims in Myanmar

The Dark Side of Transition: Violence Against Muslims in Myanmar. International Crisis Group. October 1, 2013.

According to the brief, unless there is an effective government response and change in societal attitudes, violence against Myanmar’s Muslim communities could spread, jeopardising the country’s transition as well as its standing in the region and beyond. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 36 pages, 2.7 MB].

The Quest for Green Jobs

The Quest for Green Jobs. YaleGlobal. Doaa Abdel Motaal. June 27, 2013.

The goal of sustainability is a clean environment for some, good jobs for others. Confusion is particularly acute in the area of renewable energy as countries accuse one another about unfair competition in solar panels, explains Motaal. “Much of the competition over green jobs ignores the fact that, in today’s world, production chains have gone global,” she writes. “This was recognized in full when the U.S. International Trade Commission ruled at the end of 2012 that the extra duties to be imposed on imported Chinese solar modules would not apply to any module assembled in China but containing solar cells originating from a third country.” Over-emphasis on manufacturing jobs neglects the jobs associated with design, finance, installation or maintenance. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

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