Vision on Defence-Related Skills for Europe Today and Tomorrow. RAND Corporation. Katerina Galai et al. October 30, 2019.
This report presents the European defence industrial skills landscape as part of a 12-month project on developing a common skills strategy for the European defence sector. It identifies the skills requirements of the European defence sector, and highlights the skills that will be needed in future, while also identifying the defence market dynamics and technological development trends shaping these requirements. These factors help highlight the drivers of changes in skills needs and scarcity levels, also captured here. The report then identifies defence-related skills gaps and shortages and highlights challenges with different sets of skills, in different defence domains (air, naval, land, space, cyber, complex weapons) and across the stages of the defence equipment life cycle (e.g. design engineering, manufacture, maintenance, disposal). The report also presents the general features of the European defence industrial skills supply, mapping the existing and planned EU, national, regional and industry-led policies, programmes and initiatives aimed at the sustainment and development of defence-related skills. Strengths and gaps in existing education and training initiatives are also identified. The report concludes by drawing out the implications of the industrial skills landscape for the European sectoral skills strategy to be developed in the second phase of the project. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 156 pages].
Transforming the U.S. and EU Electric Power Sectors: Workshop Report and Recommendations for Transatlantic Cooperation. Center for Strategic & International Studies. Sarah Ladislaw, Stephen J. Naimoli. August 29, 2019
Across Europe and the United States, the electric power
sector is undergoing a fairly profound transformation driven by a changing fuel
mix, higher penetration of renewable energy resources, changing consumer
preferences and interface with the electric power system, and evolving business
models. Policy and regulatory frameworks need to be updated to reflect these
changes and facilitate future transformation. In both places this
transformation is uneven, with some localities moving along faster than others,
and complex, driven by a variety of factors. While the transformation is
multidimensional, two conversations relating to the long-term vision for the
sector are central to navigating a path forward. First, what are the challenges
and opportunities associated with higher penetration of renewable energy and
distributed energy resources? Second, what are the opportunities and challenges
associated with the electrification strategies, particularly for measures to
electrify transport and industry? In addition, the increased digitalization of
the energy sector writ large, and specifically the electric power sector,
raises issues about access to data, cybersecurity, and grid resilience, all
areas that have become an integral part of the conversation in the European
Union and the United States on the transformation of the electric power sector.
The following brief outlines some of the issues related to
these topics that were discussed at a recent U.S./EU stakeholder workshop held
at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in June 2019. The
information and reflections here do not necessarily represent the views of the
participants and are meant to serve as useful background to stimulate further
discussion. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 16 pages].
Exploring New Legal Migration Pathways: Lessons from Pilot Projects. Migration Policy Institute. Kate Hooper. February 2019
As EU Member States begin to embark on a new set of legal migration pilot projects with countries in Africa, they would do well to assess the mixed results of earlier bilateral partnerships. Arrangements that offer would-be migrants temporary training or work placements in the destination country hold promise: They encourage skills development useful upon return while also helping employers fill gaps and potentially serving as an alternative to illegal migration.
This Transatlantic Council on Migration report reviews the limitations of past pilot projects involving countries in Europe, Africa, and the Asia Pacific, with an eye to making future ones more successful. The author offers a range of recommendations for how policymakers should consider labor-market needs and development goals in order to implement effective legal migration partnerships. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 26 pages].
Europe in 2019: A Critical and Transitional Year. Center for Strategic & International Studies. Rachel Ellehuus, Ricklef Beutin, Quentin Lopinot. February 7, 2019
CSIS Europe Program experts Rachel Ellehuus, Ricklef Beutin, and Quentin Lopinot provide a snapshot on some of the most significant events on the European and transatlantic security and defense calendar for 2019 and the important stakes that are at play. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 6 pages].
Trans-Atlantic Scorecard – January 2019. Brookings Institution. January 18, 2019
Welcome to the second edition of the Trans-Atlantic Scorecard, a quarterly evaluation of U.S.-European relations produced by Brookings’s Center on the United States and Europe (CUSE), as part of the Brookings – Robert Bosch Foundation Transatlantic Initiative.
To produce the Scorecard, we poll Brookings scholars and other experts on the present state of U.S. relations with Europe—overall and in the political, security, and economic dimensions—as well as on the state of U.S. relations with five key countries and the European Union itself. We also ask about several major issues in the news. The poll for this edition of the survey was conducted January 7-10, 2019.
The experts’ analysis is complemented by a Snapshot of the relationship over the previous four calendar months, including a timeline of significant moments, a tracker of President Trump’s telephone conversations with European leaders, figures presenting data relevant to the relationship, and CUSE Director Thomas Wright’s take on what to watch in the coming months. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[HTML format, various paging].
Real and Imagined Constraints on Euro Area Monetary Policy. Peterson Institute for International Economics. Working Paper 18-8. Patrick Honohan. August 2018
Although the European Central Bank (ECB) has been pursuing an aggressively expansionary policy since 2012, previously the ECB was behind the curve in lowering interest rates and making asset purchases to combat the prolonged euro area recession. This paper argues that part of the delay can be attributed to the multi-country nature of the euro area. Over-interpreting the limitations of the ECB’s statutory mandate, some ECB decision makers were wary of being accused of circumventing the prohibition on monetary financing by intervening in the market of the debt of weaker governments. Some were also mesmerized by the relatively strong performance of the German economy in the crisis and attributed the slower post-crisis recovery of most other member states to national policy failures that should not be offset by euro area monetary policy. All of this was exacerbated by the ECB’s adoption of and (at least until 2011) adherence to a seductive but analytically flawed “separation principle,” which misled some of its decision makers into overestimating the adequacy of the monetary expansion that was being applied. The ECB’s toolbox is indeed somewhat limited by its statute, reflecting multi-country considerations, but abandonment of the separation principle should help ensure a more effective, holistic approach to monetary policy design in the future. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 26 pages].
The First 20 Years of the European Central Bank: Monetary Policy. Brookings Institution. Philipp Hartmann and Frank Smets. September 13, 2018
The European Central Bank’s Philipp Hartmann and Frank Smets provide a comprehensive view of the ECB’s monetary policy over these two decades. The authors provide a chronological account of the macroeconomic and monetary policy developments in the euro area since the adoption of the euro in 1999, and describe the monetary policy decisions from the ECB’s perspective and against the background of its evolving monetary policy strategy. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 70 pages].