Balancing School, Work, and Family: Low-Income Parents’ Participation in Education and Training

Balancing School, Work, and Family: Low-Income Parents’ Participation in Education and Training. Urban Institute. Lauren Eyster et al. October 8, 2014.

A key policy concern is how to best help low-income individuals gain the skills and credentials they need to find a well-paying job. However, low-income parents in particular may face certain barriers, such as access to reliable child care. This brief uses nationally-representative data to examine the education and training participation of low-income parents and understand their personal and family characteristics, both for those who do and do not engage in education and training. It discusses implications for workforce development and child care policy and programs to better support these parents as they balance school, work and family responsibilities. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 17 pages, 232.11 KB].

Record Share of Americans Have Never Married

Record Share of Americans Have Never Married. Pew Research Social & Demographic Trends. Wendy Wang and Kim Parker. September 24, 2014.

After decades of declining marriage rates and changes in family structure, the share of American adults who have never been married is at an historic high. In 2012, one-in-fine adults ages 25 and older (about 42 million people) had never been married, according to a new Pew Research Center analysis of census data. In 1960, only about one-in-ten adults (9%) in that age range had never been married. Men are more likely to have never been married (23% vs. 17% in 2012). And this gender gap has widened since 1960, when 10% of men ages 25 and older and 8% of women of the same age had never married. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 46 pages, 773.06 KB].

Views of Job Market Tick Up, No Rise in Economic Optimism

Views of Job Market Tick Up, No Rise in Economic Optimism. Pew Research Center for the People & the Press. September 4, 2014.

For Americans, jobs are only part of the economic picture: 56% say their family’s incomes are falling behind the cost of living. That is about as many as said their incomes were falling behind in October 2008 (57%), during the Wall Street financial crisis. And 45% say they have experienced one or more serious financial hardships, such as a job layoff, an inability to pay for health care or trouble with a collection agency, over the past year. Among those with low family incomes (less than $30,000 a year), fully 66% have confronted at least one serious financial problem. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 24 pages, 505.59 KB].

In Post-Recession Era, Young Adults Drive Continuing Rise in Multi-Generational Living

In Post-Recession Era, Young Adults Drive Continuing Rise in Multi-Generational Living. Pew Resarch Socieal & Demographic Trends. Richard Fry and Jeffrey S. Passel. July 17, 2014.

A record 57 million Americans, or 18.1 % of the population of the United States, lived in multi-generational family households in 2012, double the number who lived in such household in 1980. After three decades of steady but measured growth, the arrangement of having multiple generations together under one roof spiked during the Great Recession of 2007-2009 and has kept on growing in the post-recession period, albeit at a slower pace, according to the report. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 22 pages, 547.82 KB].

Growing Number of Dads Home with the Kids

Growing Number of Dads Home with the Kids. Pew Research Social & Demographic Trends. Gretchen Livingston. June 5, 2014.

The number of fathers who do not work outside the home has risen markedly in recent years, up to 2 million in 2012. High unemployment rates around the time of the Great Recession contributed to the recent increases, but the biggest contributor to long-term growth in these “stay-at-home fathers” is the rising number of fathers who are at home primarily to care for their family. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 16 pages, 288.20 KB].

Women’s Work: The Economic Mobility of Women Across a Generation

Women’s Work: The Economic Mobility of Women Across a Generation. The Pew Charitable Trusts. April 2014.

The study demonstrates that women’s increased labor force participation and earnings have enabled some families to maintain their places on the economic ladder or, particularly among families at the bottom, to move up. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 19 pages, 3.78 MB].

After Decades of Decline, A Rise in Stay-at-Home Mothers

After Decades of Decline, A Rise in Stay-at-Home Mothers. Pew Research Social & Demographic Trends. D’Vera Cohn et al. April 8, 2014.

The share of mothers who do not work outside the home rose to 29% in 2012, up from a modern-era low of 23% in 1999, according to a new Pew Research Center analysis of government data. This rise over the past dozen years represents the reversal of a long-term decline in “stay-at-home” mothers that had persisted for the last three decades of the 20th century. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 37 pages, 566.22 KB].

Parents’ Time with Kids More Rewarding Than Paid Work — and More Exhausting

Parents’ Time with Kids More Rewarding Than Paid Work — and More Exhausting. Pew Research Social & Demographic Trends. Wendy Wang. October 8, 2013.

There’s no tougher job than being a parent, or so the saying goes. This sentiment seems to be confirmed by the Pew Research Center analysis of government time use data. Parents find caring for their children to be much more exhausting than the work they do for pay. At the same time, parents find much more meaning in the time they spend with their children than in the time they spend at work. American parents with children under age 18 find 62% of their child-care experiences “very meaningful,” compared with 36% of paid work-related activities. They also rate 12% of child-care activities “very tiring,” compared with 5% of paid work-related activities. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 14 pages, 481.83 KB].

Asset Poverty and the Importance of Emergency Savings

Asset Poverty and the Importance of Emergency Savings. Urban Institute. Caroline Ratcliffe. Web posted October 1, 2013.

What percent of families are asset poor, lack sufficient resources to live at the poverty line for three months, and why does asset poverty matter? A third of U.S. families are liquid asset poor and these families are disproportionately minority, young, and low-income. A lack of assets threatens families’ ability to weather adverse events. After experiencing an involuntary job loss, asset-poor families are nearly three times more likely to experience hardship than non-asset-poor families. These large differences exist across the income spectrum–for low-, middle-, and high-income families. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 14 pages, 136.11 KB].

Gender Identity and Relative Income within Households

Gender Identity and Relative Income within Households. National Bureau of Economic Research. Marianne Bertrand et al. May 15, 2013.

The authors analyze U.S. Census data for 1970-2010 and find that a couple is less likely to get married if the woman’s income exceeds the man’s. Once married, the wife is less likely be in the labor force, and if she is working tends to earn less than would be predicted based on education and other attributes if her potential income exceeds her husband’s. They also find that couples where the wife earns more than the husband are less satisfied with their marriages and are more likely to divorce. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 49 pages, 500 KB].