Killer Apps in the Gigabit Age

iller Apps in the Gigabit Age. Pew Research Internet Project. Lee Rainie et al. October 9, 2014.

The age of gigabit connectivity is dawning and will advance in coming years. The only question is how quickly it might become widespread. A gigabit connection can deliver 1,000 megabits of information per second (Mbps). Globally, cloud service provider Akamai reports that the average global connection speed in quarter one of 2014 was 3.9 Mbps, with South Korea reporting the highest average connection speed, 23.6 Mbps and the U.S. at 10.5 Mbps. In some respects, gigabit connectivity is not a new development. The U.S. scientific community has been using hyper-fast networks for several years, changing the pace of data sharing and enabling levels of collaboration in scientific disciplines that were unimaginable a generation ago. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 55 pages, 632.38 KB].

Living Room Connected Devices: Opportunities, Security Challenges and Privacy Implications for Users and Industry

Living Room Connected Devices: Opportunities, Security Challenges and Privacy Implications for Users and Industry. RAND Corporation. Neil Ribinson et al. September 2, 2014.

The report addresses the security and privacy implications of the Internet connected living room for industry and consumers, exploring potential benefits as well as threats associated with the technical capabilities of living room connected devices. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 91 pages, 1.41 MB].

The Opportunities of Digitizing Payments

The Opportunities of Digitizing Payments. World Bank Development Research Group. August 28, 2104.

According to the report, digitizing payments and remittances is vital to achieving G20 goals. The G20’s focus on financial inclusion directly contributes to its core goal of achieving strong, sustainable, and balanced growth. Studies show that broader access to and participation in the financial system can reduce income inequality, boost job creation, accelerate consumption, increase investments in human capital, and directly help poor people manage risk and absorb financial shocks. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 20 pages, 1.43 MB].

Social Media and the ‘Spiral of Silence’

Social Media and the ‘Spiral of Silence’. Pew Research Internet Project. Keith Hampton et al. August 26, 2014.

A major insight into human behavior from pre-internet era studies of communication is the tendency of people not to speak up about policy issues in public, or among their family, friends, and work colleagues, when they believe their own point of view is not widely shared. This tendency is called the “spiral of silence.” Some social media creators and supporters have hoped that social media platforms like Facebook and Twitter might produce different enough discussion venues that those with minority views might feel freer to express their opinions, thus broadening public discourse and adding new perspectives to everyday discussion of political issues. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 44 pages, 724.72 KB].

AI, Robotics, and the Future of Jobs

AI, Robotics, and the Future of Jobs. Pew Research Internet Project. Aaron Smith and Janna Anderson. August 6, 2014.

The vast majority of respondents to the 2014 Future of the Internet canvassing anticipate that robotics and artificial intelligence will permeate wide segments of daily life by 2025, with huge implications for a range of industries such as health care, transport and logistics, customer service, and home maintenance. But even as they are largely consistent in their predictions for the evolution of technology itself, they are deeply divided on how advances in AI and robotics will impact the economic and employment picture over the next decade. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 67 pages, 940.96 KB].

A Framework for Sustainable Security Systems

A Framework for Sustainable Security Systems. World Economic Forum. August 6, 2014.

The Global Agenda Council on Social Security System is committed to find solutions to ensure an individual’s lifetime financial security. The second edition of this compendium is a part of an ongoing conversation addressing the social security challenges presented by an aging society. It aims to establish a framework that will enhance sustainable social security systems. The framework is applicable to both developing and developed nations. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 100 pages, 5.93 MB].

The Tale of Two Middle Classes

The Tale of Two Middle Classes. YaleGlobal. Branko Milanovic. July 31, 2014.

Thanks to globalization and trade, middle-class incomes have more than doubled in countries like China and Indonesia, but still remain a fraction of those earned by the middle class in Europe or the United States. Meanwhile, in Europe, the United States and Japan, incomes for the middle class have stagnated even as their richest citizens accrue more wealth, profiting by investing in globalization ventures of all types. Growing inequality, polarization in politics, and the political influence of the wealthy suggest wages will continue to stagnate for the middle classes in the most advanced economies. “This calls into question either the sustainability of democracy under such conditions or the sustainability of globalization,” argues economist Branko Milanovic. Investing just a larger portion of the gains in infrastructure, education and other programs that benefit society as a whole could protect political systems, including democracy, as well as the globalization that benefits the world’s poor. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

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