Transforming Infrastructure: Frameworks for Bringing the Fourth Industrial Revolution to Infrastructure. World Economic Forum. November 3, 2019.
The technological advances of the Fourth Industrial Revolution have fundamentally altered society in ways both seen and unseen. This digital transformation has changed how people live and work, and everything in between. One area of daily life, however, seems to be largely missing out on this revolution: infrastructure. It remains one of the least digitally transformed sectors of the economy. While individual examples of highly advanced infrastructure systems exist, the sector at large lags behind others in innovation, a fact made all the more apparent by infrastructure’s ubiquity. When the World Economic Forum Global Future Council on Infrastructure gathered for its annual meeting in Dubai in November 2018, it sought to understand why.
As it began to think through solutions, the Council found a situation full of opportunity. Infrastructure is far from being a staid industry devoid of innovation – indeed, new technologies and ideas are flourishing. Integrating these innovations, which could change the way infrastructure is designed, developed and delivered, requires aligning stakeholders, implementing effective strategies and creating fertile enabling environments. This will allow existing innovation into the space and provide opportunities for new ideas.
The Council thus decided to create a guidebook, contained here, that explores major questions about how to bring the Fourth Industrial Revolution to infrastructure. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 32 pages].
Eleven Facts about Innovation and Patents. Brookings Institution. Jay Shambaugh, Ryan Nunn, and Becca Portman. December 13, 2017
Improvement in living standards over time is not inevitable or automatic. Rather, it is made possible by increases in physical and human capital, technological progress that itself might require large investments, and well-designed institutions. In this set of eleven economic facts, the authors explore central features of the innovation system, including patents, research and development (R&D) investments, and science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education. Following this analysis, they highlight opportunities to enhance the effectiveness of the innovation system, thereby contributing to faster technological progress and economic growth. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 28 pages, 1.43 MB].
Meaningful Education in Times of Uncertainty: A Collection of Essays from the Center for Universal Education. Brookings Institution. August 3, 2017
In March 2017 the Brookings Institution convened a meeting of top thought leaders in the fields of learning, innovation, and technology. The hosts asked them: how can we rapidly accelerate progress in education—not only to help marginalized communities catch up to where the privileged are today, but also to reach a more effective, holistic, and equitable education for every child in the world?
This collection of essays represents the outcome of those discussions. It addresses some of the most urgent and important issues of our time. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 158 pages, 2.84 MB].
Risk Nexus: Overcome by Cyber Risks? Economic Benefits and Costs of Alternate Cyber Futures. Atlantic Council. September 10, 2015.
In 2030, will the Internet and related information and communications technologies (ICTs) continue to drive global innovation and prosperity? Or will that bright promise be swamped by an unstable and insecure Internet, so overwhelmed by non-stop attacks that it has become an increasing drag on economic growth? The answers are not promising and mean the difference in tens of trillions of dollars in global economic growth over the next fifteen years. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 40 pages, 475.84 KB].
New, Cheap, and Improved: Assessing the Promise of Reverse and Frugal Innovation to Address Noncommunicable Diseases. Council on Foreign Relations. Thomas J. Bollyky. June 2015.
In recent years, frugal and reverse innovation have gained attention as potential strategies for increasing the quality and accessibility of health care while slowing the growth in its costs. Thomas J. Bollyky argues that the demand for these types of innovation is increasing and outlines three practical questions for policymakers seeking real investments and results. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[HTML format with a link to the PDF file].
Low-Income Immigrant Families’ Access to SNAP and TANF. Urban Institute. Devlin Hanson et al. November 13, 2014.
The Immigrant Access to Health and Human Services project describes the policy contexts that affect immigrant access to health and human services. The study describes the federal, state, and local program eligibility provisions related to immigrants, barriers to immigrants’ access to health and human services for which they are eligible, and innovative practices that can help states manage their programs. The brief presents data on poverty rates and receipt of two public benefits — SNAP and TANF – for immigrant and US-born families. It finds that children with foreign-born parents are overrepresented among poor families, but underrepresented in public benefits enrollment. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
[PDF format, 13 pages, 403.36 KB].
Restoring the Foundation: The Vital Role of Research in Preserving the American Dream. American Academy of Arts & Sciences. September 15, 2014.
Scientific and technological advances are fundamental to the prosperity, health, and security of America. Innovation and rapid integration of new knowledge and technologies emerge from investments in research and development, and rely on the partnership among universities, federal and state governments, and industry. Staying globally competitive will require a stronger partnership and a greater focus on long-term planning in scientific and engineering research. The report offers actionable recommendations for the long-term sustainability of the U.S. science and engineering research system to ensure that the American people receive the maximum benefit from federal investments in research. [Note: contains copyrighted material].
http://www.amacad.org/multimedia/pdfs/publications/researchpapersmonographs/restoringFoundationBrief.pdf Brief [PDF format, 36 pages, 2.15 MB].
http://www.amacad.org/multimedia/pdfs/publications/researchpapersmonographs/restoringFoundation.pdf Full Text [PDF format, 152 pages, 4.06 MB].