Risk Nexus: Overcome by Cyber Risks? Economic Benefits and Costs of Alternate Cyber Futures

Risk Nexus: Overcome by Cyber Risks? Economic Benefits and Costs of Alternate Cyber Futures. Atlantic Council. September 10, 2015.

In 2030, will the Internet and related information and communications technologies (ICTs) continue to drive global innovation and prosperity? Or will that bright promise be swamped by an unstable and insecure Internet, so overwhelmed by non-stop attacks that it has become an increasing drag on economic growth? The answers are not promising and mean the difference in tens of trillions of dollars in global economic growth over the next fifteen years. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 40 pages, 475.84 KB].

New, Cheap, and Improved: Assessing the Promise of Reverse and Frugal Innovation to Address Noncommunicable Diseases

New, Cheap, and Improved: Assessing the Promise of Reverse and Frugal Innovation to Address Noncommunicable Diseases. Council on Foreign Relations. Thomas J. Bollyky. June 2015.

In recent years, frugal and reverse innovation have gained attention as potential strategies for increasing the quality and accessibility of health care while slowing the growth in its costs. Thomas J. Bollyky argues that the demand for these types of innovation is increasing and outlines three practical questions for policymakers seeking real investments and results. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[HTML format with a link to the PDF file].

Low-Income Immigrant Families’ Access to SNAP and TANF

Low-Income Immigrant Families’ Access to SNAP and TANF. Urban Institute. Devlin Hanson et al. November 13, 2014.

The Immigrant Access to Health and Human Services project describes the policy contexts that affect immigrant access to health and human services. The study describes the federal, state, and local program eligibility provisions related to immigrants, barriers to immigrants’ access to health and human services for which they are eligible, and innovative practices that can help states manage their programs. The brief presents data on poverty rates and receipt of two public benefits — SNAP and TANF – for immigrant and US-born families. It finds that children with foreign-born parents are overrepresented among poor families, but underrepresented in public benefits enrollment. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 13 pages, 403.36 KB].

Restoring the Foundation: The Vital Role of Research in Preserving the American Dream

Restoring the Foundation: The Vital Role of Research in Preserving the American Dream. American Academy of Arts & Sciences. September 15, 2014.

Scientific and technological advances are fundamental to the prosperity, health, and security of America. Innovation and rapid integration of new knowledge and technologies emerge from investments in research and development, and rely on the partnership among universities, federal and state governments, and industry. Staying globally competitive will require a stronger partnership and a greater focus on long-term planning in scientific and engineering research. The report offers actionable recommendations for the long-term sustainability of the U.S. science and engineering research system to ensure that the American people receive the maximum benefit from federal investments in research. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

http://www.amacad.org/multimedia/pdfs/publications/researchpapersmonographs/restoringFoundationBrief.pdf Brief [PDF format, 36 pages, 2.15 MB].

http://www.amacad.org/multimedia/pdfs/publications/researchpapersmonographs/restoringFoundation.pdf Full Text [PDF format, 152 pages, 4.06 MB].

Bridging The Data Gap: How Digital Innovation Can Drive Growth and Jobs

Bridging The Data Gap: How Digital Innovation Can Drive Growth and Jobs. Progressive Policy Institute. Michael Mandel ad Hofheinz. April 24, 2014.
Seldom has the world stood poised before economic changes destined to bring as much palpable improvement to people’s lives and desirable social transformation as “big data.” Breathless accounts abound of the huge amounts of data that citizens, consumers and governments now generate on a daily basis in studies. But the larger revolution will come not from the exabytes of data being generated on a daily basis, but through the vast advances in analytics that will help us convert this information into better lives, and better societies. Already, many companies are using the new information to offer more tailored products and services to customers; consumers are receiving more effective healthcare; clever administrations are cutting pollution and commuter transit times; people of all types are being entertained and educated in fascinating new ways; and entrepreneurs who seize the opportunity are helping raise North America and Europe from the longest economic recession since statistic-taking began. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 16 pages, 545.8 KB].

Differing Approaches to Immigration on Two Sides of the Atlantic

Differing Approaches to Immigration on Two Sides of the Atlantic. YaleGlobal. Michael Mandelbaum. April 24, 2014.

Politicians opposed to immigration are making electoral gains throughout Europe, and legislators in the United States are also polarized over immigration reform, especially the status of an estimated 12 million undocumented immigrants. The author argues that “immigration has become a major and contentious political issue in the world’s wealthiest nations” – even though immigration is a necessity for European countries with older populations. Key to successful immigration policies is assimilation, and Mandelbaum points out that the level of integration varies between the U.S. and Europe. Immigration throughout U.S. history, along with the strong track record in delivering needed labor along with innovation, has led to a strong political force, while undocumented immigrants, lacking legal status to live or work in the country, are on the decline. Mandelbaum predicts less enduring political backlash on immigration in the U.S., and increased political intolerance, despite great economic need, from Europe. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

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New Energy, New Geopolitics: Balancing Stability and Leverage

New Energy, New Geopolitics: Balancing Stability and Leverage. Center for Strategic & International Studies. Sarah O. Ladislaw et al. April 10, 2014.

The report evaluates the energy and geopolitical shifts that have arisen from the production of shale gas and light tight oil in the United States. It begins by assessing how much the unconventional energy trend has already impacted energy, geopolitics, and national security. The report then posits several possible energy futures that could emerge from the unconventionals revolution. Finally, it offers views on the major geostrategic question: how will the United States seek to utilize this, so far, domestic resource trend, and given the range of potential future energy outcomes, what might the geopolitical and national security implications be. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

http://csis.org/files/publication/SummaryForPolicymakers.pdf Summary [PDF format, 12 pages, 129.39 KB].

http://csis.org/files/publication/140409_Ladislaw_NewEnergyNewGeopolitics_WEB.pdf Full Text [PDF format, 66pages, 5.49 MB].