Iran-North Korea-Syria Ballistic Missile and Nuclear Cooperation

Iran-North Korea-Syria Ballistic Missile and Nuclear Cooperation. Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress. Paul K. Kerr et al. February 26, 2016.

Congress has at times expressed concern regarding ballistic missile and nuclear programs in Iran, North Korea, and Syria. This report focuses primarily on unclassified and declassified U.S. Intelligence Community (IC) assessments over the past two decades. These assessments indicate that there is no evidence that Iran and North Korea have engaged in nuclear-related trade or cooperation with each other, although ballistic missile technology cooperation between the two is significant and meaningful, and Syria has received ballistic missiles and related technology from North Korea and Iran and also engaged in nuclear technology cooperation with North Korea.

[PDF format, 13 pages, 608.0 KB].

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Ensuring that the Nuclear Agreement Effectively Constrains Iran

Ensuring that the Nuclear Agreement Effectively Constrains Iran. Center for American Progress. Brian Katulis et al. July 17, 2015.

The nuclear deal between Iran and leading global powers set off an intense debate just hours after its announcement. With vital national security interests at stake, this is an important debate to have, one that will continue in the months ahead as Congress deliberates the deal. The report recommends that Congress measure the deal against the main alternatives and work with the Obama administration to ensure strong and effective implementation using three steps. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 6 pages, 81.8 KB].

Backed by Big Powers, a Successful Iran Deal Could Rescue NPT

Backed by Big Powers, a Successful Iran Deal Could Rescue NPT. YaleGlobal. Richard Weitz. July 16, 2015.

The leading impact of the July 14 Iran nuclear deal may be how it affects the overall pace and extent of nuclear-weapons proliferation. To succeed in resolving the Iranian nuclear deal and strengthening barriers against the further spread of nuclear weapons, China, Russia and the United States must cooperate despite their many other differences. “The agreement to freeze Iran’s nuclear-weapons program for a limited period might offer opportunities to strengthen the NPT, dispel assumptions of near-term nuclear disarmament and generate a fresh attempt to curb North Korea’s nuclear ambitions,” explains Richard Weitz. “To support disarmament as they eventually eliminate their own nuclear arsenals, Russia, China and the United States have agreed to reduce their reliance on nuclear weapons in the foreign and defense policies.” [Note: contains copyrighted material].

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The New Containment: Changing America’s Approach to Middle East Security

The New Containment: Changing America’s Approach to Middle East Security. Atlantic Council. Bilal Y. Saab. July 6, 2015.

Securing the Middle East after an Iran nuclear deal is the next big challenge for both the region and the international community. The United States and its allies have engaged in tireless diplomacy with Iran over the past few years to produce an agreement that would limit Tehran’s nuclear program for the next decade and a half. To protect the deal, assuming one is finalized, and take full advantage of its potential benefits, which include the drastic reduction of the risk of nuclear weapons proliferating in the region, the United States needs a comprehensive strategy for regional security in the Middle East, according to the author. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 34 pages, 5.75 MB].

Iran’s Role in Iraq: Room for Cooperation?

Iran’s Role in Iraq: Room for Cooperation? RAND Corporation. Alizera Nader. June 1, 2015.

The paper examines Iran’s objectives and influence in Iraq in light of ISIL’s ascendance. It focuses on Iran’s ties with Iraqi Shi’a parties and militias and the implications of Iran’s sectarian policies for U.S. interests. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 23 pages, 0.2 MB].

The Struggle for the Levant: Geopolitical Battles and the Quest for Stability

The Struggle for the Levant: Geopolitical Battles and the Quest for Stability. Center for Strategic & International Studies. Aram Nerguizian. September 18, 2014.

The United States and its allies compete with Iran in a steadily more unsettled and uncertain Levant. The political upheavals in the Middle East, economic and demographic pressures, sectarian struggles and extremism, ethnic and tribal conflicts and tensions all combine to produce complex patterns of competition. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 357 pages, 6.06 MB].

Iran Approaches a “Gorbachev Moment”

Iran Approaches a “Gorbachev Moment”. YaleGlobal. Robert A. Manning. November 26, 2013.

The United States and Iran have reached a historic interim accord that would limit sanctons and Iranian nuclear enrichment, subject to IAEA inspections. Iran confronts a transformative moment, explains the author. Western sanctions have contributed to high inflation, unemployment and other economic woes for Iran. “Like Mikhail Gorbachev in 1985, Rouhani inherited economic catastrophe and ascended to power with a mandate to fix the economy and improve a tarnished standing in the world,” Manning writes. If verification proceeds and both parties act in good faith, the six-month accord could lead to a final deal. Iran has reason to pursue pragmatic policies, and the U.S. must ensure that region-wide security is the outcome. Neither side should risk flouting compromise. Active diplomacy is in play, and the biggest challenge for the two presidents is assuring skeptics at home and among allies. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

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