From College to Cabinet: Women in National Security

From College to Cabinet: Women in National Security. Center for a New American Security. Katherine Kidder et al. April 05, 2017

Throughout history, the talent pool of women has been underutilized in the national security sector. Trends over the past 40 years—since the first classes of women were accepted to the nation’s military academies—show an increase in the representation of women in the military and throughout national security departments and agencies, including in the Department of Defense, the Department of State, the Central Intelligence Agency, and, more recently, the Department of Homeland Security—but not necessarily at the top. In the post-9/11 world, women have made up a larger and more visible portion of the national security establishment, yet they remain in the minority of leadership positions. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 30 pages, 583.09 KB].

Advertisements

Additional U.S. Ground Troops to Counter the Islamic the Islamic State? Five Questions

Additional U.S. Ground Troops to Counter the Islamic the Islamic State? Five Questions. Cogressional Research Service, Library of Congress. Kathleen J. McInnis and Andrew Feickert. February 17, 2016.

Operation Inherent Resolve (OIR) – the military campaign to counter the Islamic State (IS) – has three primary components: coordinated air strikes, training and equipping local security forces, and targeted special operations based out of northern Iraq. Perceived setbacks in OIR have led some observers to maintain that inserting significant numbers of additional U.S. and/or coalition ground forces is becoming necessary. Proposals include, but are not limited to, the introduction of additional ground forces to secure territory once it has been taken back from the Islamic State, and the introduction of additional trainers for local security forces. However, there are no clear-cut answers to determining the suitability, size, and mission profile of the ground elements of any military campaign; determining the disposition of military forces is in many ways as much an art as it is a science.

[PDF format, 2 pages, 92.64 KB].

The US Faces Rival Powers Waging Hybrid Warfare

The US Faces Rival Powers Waging Hybrid Warfare. YaleGlobal. Richard Weitz. January 12, 2016.

Overall, global military spending decreased in 2014 from the previous year, reports the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. The United States spends more than other countries on defense, yet struggles against the skillful use of hybrid tactics by China and Russia, explains Richard Weitz. Weitz explains that “both authoritarian states have applied various military, paramilitary, legal, economic and information tools in the western Pacific and Eurasia to expand their regional influence, divide potential opponents and otherwise seize the strategic initiative.” The West must analyze the various hybrid tactics and develop rapid responses that include technology and counter media-messaging. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[HTML format, various paging].

Strategy and Grand Strategy: What Students and Practitioners Need to Know

Strategy and Grand Strategy: What Students and Practitioners Need to Know. Strategic Studies Institute. Tami Davis Biddle. December 31, 2015.

The author examines why it is so difficult to devise, implement, and sustain sound strategies and grand strategies. Her analysis begins with an examination of the meaning of the term “strategy” and a history of the ways that political actors have sought to employ strategies and grand strategies to achieve their desired political aims. She examines the reasons why the logic undergirding strategy is often lacking and why challenges of implementation, including bureaucratic politics, unforeseen events, civil-military tensions, and domestic pressures, complicate and undermine desired outcomes.

[HTML format with a link to the PDF file]

The Militarization of Crimea under Russian Occupation

The Militarization of Crimea under Russian Occupation. Atlantic Council. Andrii Klymenko. October 29, 2015.

In the report, Crimean activist Andrii Klymenko explains how the Kremlin has moved to tighten its grip on Crimea as the world turns its focus toward Syria. Indeed, Russia has proven itself to be settling in for the long haul in Crimea, with mass relocations of Russian military servicemen to the peninsula spurring housing shortages and massive infrastructure projects. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 11 pages, 1.06 MB].

Arab Threat Perceptions and the Future of the U.S. Military Presence in the Middle East

Arab Threat Perceptions and the Future of the U.S. Military Presence in the Middle East. Strategic Studies Institute. W. Andrew Terrill. October 22, 2015.

The threat perceptions of many Arab states aligned with the United States have changed significantly as a result of the dramatic events occurring in the region and globally since 2011. The report analyzes these new Arab threat perceptions and considers how the United States can work with its allies to strengthen both U.S. and allied goals in the region.

[HTML format with a link to the PDF file].

Medal of Honor: History and Issues

Medal of Honor: History and Issues. Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress. Barbara Salazaar Torreon. August 18, 2015.

The Medal of Honor is the nation’s highest military award for bravery. It is awarded by the President in the name of Congress. For this reason, it is often referred to as the Congressional Medal of Honor. Since it was first presented in 1863, the medal has been awarded 3,512 times to 3,493 recipients. Nineteen individuals have been double recipients of the award.

[PDF format, 30 pages, 875.89 KB].