Smart Peacekeeping: Toward Tech-Enabled UN Operations

Smart Peacekeeping: Toward Tech-Enabled UN Operations. International Peace Institute. A. Walter Dorn. July 11, 2016.

As the world’s technological revolution proceeds, the United Nations can benefit immensely from a plethora of technologies to assist its peace operations. The U.N. has adopted a strategy for technology and peacekeeping and is showing the will and the means to implement it. New concepts, such as “technology-contributing countries” and “participatory peacekeeping” through new information technology, can improve peace operations. New technologies can also help U.N. field workers “live, move, and work” more effectively and safely, creating the possibility of the “digital peacekeeper.” The report provides an overview of technological capabilities and how they are being used, explores progress to date and key challenges, and offers a set of practical recommendations. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 36 pages, 1.38 MB].

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A Peace Plan for Syria

A Peace Plan for Syria. RAND Corporation. James Dobbins et al. December 17, 2015.

The paper presents a peace plan for Syria focused on the steps to secure and sustain a ceasefire. It concludes that the external parties that have supported the combatants will need to come together to guarantee and enforce any such ceasefire. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 11 pages, 0.2 MB].

In Syrian War, Peace, Politics and Possibilities Are a Local Affair

In Syrian War, Peace, Politics and Possibilities Are a Local Affair. U.S. Institute of Peace. Osama Gharizi. October 2015.

While the mass bloodshed of Syria’s civil war so far has spared many Kurdish and Arab farming villages in Syria’s far northeast, the war has exacerbated communal tensions there. So recently, 14 religious, tribal and civic leaders from one locality traveled to neighboring Iraq for talks to ease those tensions and prevent an outbreak of violence. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[HTML format, various paging].

Promoting Rule of Law: Myth Versus Reality

Promoting Rule of Law: Myth Versus Reality. U.S. Institute of Peace. Christina Murtaugh. August 11, 2015.

Rule of law has long been a key international concern, especially for conflict-affected countries, and promoting it is a critical challenge to the international community, according to the brief. It focuses on the misconceptions of what is called the golden hour approach to offer more practicable alternatives. The issue is focus, whether to find a solution among Western paradigms or to empower people, support sustainable change, and provide enough time for the people to act and the process to unfold on their own terms. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 4 pages, 231.07 KB].

Iran’s Role in Iraq: Room for Cooperation?

Iran’s Role in Iraq: Room for Cooperation? RAND Corporation. Alizera Nader. June 1, 2015.

The paper examines Iran’s objectives and influence in Iraq in light of ISIL’s ascendance. It focuses on Iran’s ties with Iraqi Shi’a parties and militias and the implications of Iran’s sectarian policies for U.S. interests. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 23 pages, 0.2 MB].

Setting the Stage for Peace in Syria: The Case for a Syrian National Stabilization Force

Setting the Stage for Peace in Syria: The Case for a Syrian National Stabilization Force. Atlantic Council. Frederic C. Hof et al. April 14, 2015.

After four years of conflict in Syria, peace is still a distant prospect. According to the report, the West insists that there is no “military solution,” while Iran and Russia provide the Assad regime with a military advantage obstructing the possibility of real diplomatic negotiations. With over 220,000 Syrians dead and more than half of the Syrian population displaced, the need for peace is critical. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 44 pages, 1.18 MB].

The Ukraine Crisis: Risks of Renewed Military Conflict after Minsk II

The Ukraine Crisis: Risks of Renewed Military Conflict after Minsk II. International Crisis Group. April 1, 2015.

According to the brief, danger of renewed fighting in Ukraine’s east is mounting. It shows that neither side is looking to compromise or able to win outright. It also sets out a new Western strategy with Russia to defuse one of the greatest post-Cold War threats to European stability and global order. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/europe/ukraine/b073-the-ukraine-crisis-risks-of-renewed-military-conflict-after-minsk-ii.aspx Summary in English [HTML format, various paging].

http://www.crisisgroup.org/~/media/Files/europe/ukraine/b073-the-ukraine-crisis-risks-of-renewed-military-conflict-after-minsk-ii.pdf Full Text in English [PDF format, 16 pages, 1.50 MB].