The East Mediterranean Triangle at Crossroads

The East Mediterranean Triangle at Crossroads. Strategic Studies Institute. Jean-Loup Samaan. March 31, 2016.

The evolving dynamics in the East Mediterranean Triangle, composed of Israel, Turkey and Greece, reveal key security and economic trends that have direct implications for the United States and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).

[HTML format with a link to the full text PDF file].

Education of Syrian Refugee Children

Education of Syrian Refugee Children. RAND Corporation. Shelly Culbertson and Louay Constant. November 23, 2015.

The report reviews education of Syrian refugee children in the three neighboring countries with the largest population of refugees — Turkey, Lebanon, and Jordan — and analyzes four areas: access, management, society, and quality. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 114 pages, 0.8 MB].

The Impact of Turkish Stream on European Energy Security and the Southern Gas Corridor

The Impact of Turkish Stream on European Energy Security and the Southern Gas Corridor. Atlantic Council. John Roberts. July 9, 2015.

Russia has proposed building a major new pipeline intended to carry gas to customers in both Turkey and the European Union. The project, dubbed Turkish Stream, is controversial for two interconnected reasons. Firstly, it is intended to help Gazprom fulfil its stated intention of terminating gas exports to Europe via Ukraine by the end of 2019. Secondly, it is far from clear that customers in the European Union would accept delivery of gas at Turkey’s border with Greece in place of current deliveries to locations in Central Europe. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 24 pages, 1.32 MB].

Syrian Refugees in Turkey: The Long Road Ahead

Syrian Refugees in Turkey: The Long Road Ahead. Migration Policy Institute. Ahmet Icduygu. April 2015.

More than 1.7 million Syrian refugees lived in Turkey as of mid-March 2015, making this the world’s largest community of Syrians displaced by the conflict in their country. The report provides an overview of Turkey’s changing migration landscape and the position of Syrian refugees in Turkey today, along with policy recommendations given the likelihood of long-term or permanent displacement for Syrians. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[HTML format with a link to the full text PDF file].

Turkey and the PKK: Saving the Peace Process

Turkey and the PKK: Saving the Peace Process. International Crisis Group. November 6, 2014.

The peace process between Turkey and the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) is threatened by ceasefire violations and spillover from the conflicts in Syria and Iraq. Both sides must set aside pretexts and inertia and seize the opportunity of having powerful leaders able to implement a deal whose outlines are clearer than ever, according to the report. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/europe/turkey-cyprus/turkey/234-turkey-and-the-pkk-saving-the-peace-process.aspx Executive Summary in English [HTML format, various paging].

http://www.crisisgroup.org/~/media/Files/europe/turkey-cyprus/turkey/234-turkey-and-the-pkk-saving-the-peace-process.pdf [PDF format, 53 pages, 1.36 MB].

Turks Divided on Erdogan and the Country’s Direction

Turks Divided on Erdogan and the Country’s Direction. Pew Research Global Attitudes Project. July 30, 2014.

As Turkey prepares to vote for its first ever directly elected president, the survey finds the Turkish public is divided over the main contender for the office, current Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan. Erdogan and his party, the moderately Islamist Justice and Development Party (AKP), have dominated Turkish politics for the last decade, overseeing considerable economic growth and an expanding role for Turkey in regional and world affairs. And most observers expect Erdogan to win the August 10 election. But on a number of issues, Turks are almost evenly split between those who are happy with Erdogan’s leadership and the state of the nation, and those who believe the former Istanbul mayor is leading the country down the wrong path. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 19 pages, 501.23 KB].

Turkey and Syrian Refugees: The Limits of Hospitality

Turkey and Syrian Refugees: The Limits of Hospitality. Brookings Institution. Osman Bahadır Dinçer et al. November 2013.

On April 29, 2011, the first Syrian refugees crossed the border into Turkey. Two years later, the country hosts some 600,000 Syrian refugees, 200,000 of them living in 21 refugee camps with an additional 400,000 living outside of the camps. According to United Nations estimates, Turkey will be home to one million Syrians by the end of 2013. Syrians have fled to Turkey in search of safety from a horrific conflict, leaving behind loved ones, jobs and property. As the conflict intensifies, with no end in sight, and as the resources of the Turkish government and society are stretched thin, questions arise about the limits of Turkey’s hospitality. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 37 pages, 1.9 MB].