Engaging Communities in Reducing Gun Violence: A Road Map for Safer Communities

Engaging Communities in Reducing Gun Violence: A Road Map for Safer Communities. Urban Institute. Samuel Bieler et al. April 28, 2016.

Gun violence inflicts a devastating toll on communities of color, but the justice system response to this violence frequently destabilizes neighborhoods and damages police-community relations. The report shows that violence prevention demands a holistic set of solutions. Limiting access to firearms is part of the solution, but a comprehensive strategy will also require improving police-community relations, investing in community services, and facilitating community leadership in violence prevention efforts. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 67 pages, 947.6 KB].

Developing Housing and Education Partnerships

Developing Housing and Education Partnerships. Urban Institute. Megan Gallagher. April 9, 2015.

Assisted-housing providers are in a unique position to support educators, low-income students, and their caregivers outside the school day. By partnering with schools and school districts, housing providers can help address challenges outside school that can become barriers to learning—such as housing instability, truancy, and health problems. Their roles as developers and landlords create opportunities to connect housing and education. The report summarizes key elements that shape and strengthen the partnerships in three diverse settings: Akron, Ohio, New Haven, Connecticut, and Vancouver Washington. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 30 pages, 309.17 KB].

Urban Green Growth in Dynamic Asia: A Conceptual Framework. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

Urban Green Growth in Dynamic Asia: A Conceptual Framework. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Tadashi Matsumoto and Loic Daudey. January 15, 2015.

The development of Asian cities is characterised by rapid and continuous urbanization on an unprecedented scale, with rapid economic growth led in most places by the manufacturing industry, and rapidly increasing motorization. The result has been escalating greenhouse gas emissions, sprawling urban development and local environmental impacts, as well as disparities in income, education levels and job opportunities in the urban population. The paper proposes an analytical framework for assessing policies for green growth in rapidly growing cities in the emerging world. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 80 pages, 1.71 MB].

Rapid Bus: A Low-Cost, High-Capacity Transit System for Major Urban Areas

Rapid Bus: A Low-Cost, High-Capacity Transit System for Major Urban Areas. Cato Institute. Randal O’Toole. July 30, 2014.

Prompted by federal funding, more than 30 American cities have built or are building new rail transit lines. These expensive lines have debatable value as they put transit agencies in debt and impose high maintenance costs, yet they carry few riders more than the buses they replace and produce minimal, if any, environmental benefits. As an alternative to rail transit, the paper proposes a “rapid bus” system that would offer fast, frequent, and comfortable transportation to most people in an urban area. The paper also estimates the annualized costs of such a system and compare it with the costs of a traditional system of rail supplemented by feeder buses. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 16 pages, 200.49 KB].

Self-Employment, Family-Business Ownership, and Economic Mobility

Self-Employment, Family-Business Ownership, and Economic Mobility. Urban Institute. Elizabeth Brown and Austin Nichols. May 28, 2014.

Surprisingly little is known about whether self-employment and family businesses promote mobility, despite a recurring theme in the policy discourse of families achieving upward economic and social mobility through entrepreneurship. The rewards of entrepreneurship can be great for those who succeed, but the risks are also greater. Looking over numerous decades of panel data on Americans, we document that family-business owners have more upward mobility and less downward mobility than wage-and-salary workers, but that the self-employed do not outperform other workers. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 22 pages, 792.87 KB].

Building a 21st Century Infrastructure

Building a 21st Century Infrastructure. Center for American Progress. Kevin DeGood. February 12, 2014.

According to the report, to address metropolitan congestion, there’s need to adopt performance management, increase competition for federal funds, and reform transportation governance. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 53 pages, 2.43 MB].

5 Growing Threats to America’s Cities: Federal Investments in Resiliency Needed in the Face of Extreme Weather

5 Growing Threats to America’s Cities: Federal Investments in Resiliency Needed in the Face of Extreme Weather. Center for American Progress. Matt Kasper and Daniel J. Weiss. January 23, 2014.

Weather events have been dominating the news recently thanks to the “polar vortex” that caused record cold temperatures across the nation. But just a few months ago, the news was filled with other events: record rain and flooding in Colorado; destructive tornadoes in Oklahoma; widespread drought in the Southwest; and the sluggish recovery from Superstorm Sandy in New Jersey. Unlike the record cold, however, these extreme weather events are becoming more commonplace. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 10 pages, 141.59 KB].