Crowdfunded Journalism: A Small but Growing Addition to Publicly Driven Journalism

Crowdfunded Journalism: A Small but Growing Addition to Publicly Driven Journalism. Pew Research Center. Nancy Vogt and Amy Mitchell. January 20, 2016.

Over the past several years, crowdfunding via the internet has become a popular way to engage public support – and financial backing – for all kinds of projects, from the Coolest Cooler to a virtual reality gaming headset to a prototype of a sailing spacecraft and a bailout fund for Greece. The area of journalism is no exception. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 34 pages, 1.28 MB].

A US Law or Executive Order to Combat Gender Apartheid at Work in Discriminatory Countries

A US Law or Executive Order to Combat Gender Apartheid at Work in Discriminatory Countries. Center for Global Development. Charles Kenny. January 19, 2016.

A number of countries worldwide have laws that specifically discriminate against women’s participation in the workforce, including bans on particular occupations, restrictions on opening bank accounts or taking jobs without a male family member’s authority, and restrictions on travel. The report proposes the U.S. legislation or executive action that would encourage U.S. multinationals to mitigate the impact of local discriminatory legislation to the extent possible within the host country’s domestic laws by following a code of conduct regarding women’s employment, potentially limiting that obligation to the most discriminatory of countries. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 10 pages, 240.23 KB].

Winners and Losers in International Trade: The Effects on U.S. Presidential Voting

Winners and Losers in International Trade: The Effects on U.S. Presidential Voting. National Bureau of Economic Research. J. Bradford Jensen et al. January 2016.

The paper studies how international trade influences U.S. presidential elections. It expects the positive employment effects of expanding exports to increase support for the incumbent’s party, and job insecurity from import competition to diminish such support. Our national-level models show for the first time that increasing imports are associated with decreasing incumbent vote shares, and increasing exports correlate with increasing vote shares for incumbents. These effects are large and politically consequential. Incumbent parties are particularly vulnerable to losing votes in swing states with high concentrations of low-skilled manufacturing workers with increasing trade exposure. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 71 pages, 963.5 KB].

A Theoretical Framework for Two-Generation Models: Lessons from the HOST Demonstration

A Theoretical Framework for Two-Generation Models: Lessons from the HOST Demonstration. Urban Institute. Molly M. Scott et al. January 15, 2016.

Two-generation models target low-income children and their parents in hopes of interrupting the cycle of poverty. These models vary widely, and policymakers and practitioners need guidance on how best to design them. The brief uses insights from the Housing Opportunities and Services Together Demonstration to present an updated theoretical framework for these models. The framework emphasizes the importance of using family goals to target individual family members, setting individual goals, and aligning tailored and appropriate solutions. This lens also emphasizes prioritizing relationship-building over programs and designing flexible evaluation approaches, while working for systems change to support families in their efforts. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 11 pages, 311.6 KB].

Warming World Promises More Refugees

Warming World Promises More Refugees. YaleGlobal. Richard D. Lamm. January 14, 2016.

Climate change combined with war and a growing population could pose challenges of unimaginable magnitude. “Last summer’s Mediterranean crisis, a migration of Biblical proportions from Syria to Europe, is likely merely a preview of the dislocation to come,” writes Lamm. “It is not too apocalyptic to consider the possibility that ultimately a warming world cannot support the 9 billion human beings anticipated by 2050.” Those in government and industry cannot assume a world without limits, and some, including the U.S. Pentagon and insurance analysts, already draft policies preparing for consequences of climate change. Generosity alone is not enough to handle all challenges. Excuses and surprise about new crises wear thin, and world leaders have a responsibility to anticipate and plan. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

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The US Faces Rival Powers Waging Hybrid Warfare

The US Faces Rival Powers Waging Hybrid Warfare. YaleGlobal. Richard Weitz. January 12, 2016.

Overall, global military spending decreased in 2014 from the previous year, reports the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. The United States spends more than other countries on defense, yet struggles against the skillful use of hybrid tactics by China and Russia, explains Richard Weitz. Weitz explains that “both authoritarian states have applied various military, paramilitary, legal, economic and information tools in the western Pacific and Eurasia to expand their regional influence, divide potential opponents and otherwise seize the strategic initiative.” The West must analyze the various hybrid tactics and develop rapid responses that include technology and counter media-messaging. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

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Parents, Teens and Digital Monitoring

Parents, Teens and Digital Monitoring. Pew Research Center. Monica Anderson. January 7, 2016.

The widespread adoption of various digital technologies by today’s teenagers has added a modern wrinkle to a universal challenge of parenthood, specifically, striking a balance between allowing independent exploration and providing an appropriate level of parental oversight. Digital connectivity offers many potential benefits from connecting with peers to accessing educational content. But parents have also voiced concerns about the behaviors teens engage in online, the people with whom they interact and the personal information they make available. Indeed, these concerns are not limited to parents. Lawmakers and advocates have raised concerns about issues such as online safety, cyberbullying and privacy issues affecting teens. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 34 pages, 880.75 KB].