The long-term impact of the Head Start program

The long-term impact of the Head Start program. The Hamilton Project. Lauren Bauer and Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach. August 19, 2016.

A growing body of rigorous evidence suggests that policy interventions aimed at early childhood bear fruit for decades. For example, reductions in air pollution in the first year of life and more experienced kindergarten teachers are associated with increases in later earnings, while childhood access to food stamps and Medicaid causes better health in adulthood. Across many studies of several programs, preschool attendance among disadvantaged children has been found to positively impact participants. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 8 pages, 703.84 KB].

Hold the Salmon, How About Scup? For Sustainable Seafood, Variety is Key

Hold the Salmon, How About Scup? For Sustainable Seafood, Variety is Key. Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs. Amrita Gupta. August 12, 2016.

Atlantic salmon and blue fin tuna have been overfished nearly to extinction and farmed fish come with concerns such as the overuse of antibiotics. Yet there are hundreds of delicious and sustainable fish like mullet, dogfish, and scup, species often referred to as “trash fish.” For sustainable seafood, let’s be more adventurous and try fish like scup. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

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Why Delaying School Start Dates is a Bad Deal for Students

Why Delaying School Start Dates is a Bad Deal for Students. Brookings Institution. Martin R. West. September 8, 2016.

Maryland governor Larry Hogan announced on August 31 a new executive order directing all public schools in the state to delay the start of classes until after Labor Day and end the school year by June 15. “School after Labor Day is now the law of the land in Maryland,” Hogan proudly declared. The governor’s order will effectively convert the statutory minimum of 180 school days into a maximum. The author argues that this is likely to have adverse consequences for students, especially those without access to high-quality educational resources outside of school. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

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Hydrocarbon Developments in Eastern Mediterranean

Hydrocarbon Developments in Eastern Mediterranean. The Atlantic Council. Charles Ellinas et al. August 2016.

“The Eastern Mediterranean’s hydrocarbon discoveries have massive consequences for the region, even though when considered on a global scale they are relatively small,” writes David Koranyi in the foreword to the report. The report offers an examination of the technical and geopolitical obstacles to and opportunities for creating a vibrant hydrocarbon market in the Eastern Mediterranean. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 34 pages, 4.76 MB].

Social Media Conversations About Race

Social Media Conversations About Race. Pew Research Center. Monica Anderson and Paul Hitlin. August 15, 2016.

Americans are increasingly turning to social media for news and politcal information and to encourage others to get involved with a cause or movement. Social media also can serve as an important venue where groups with common interests come together to share ideas and information. And at times, Twitter, Facebook and other social media sites can help users bring greater attention to issues through their collective voice. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 35 pages, 944.72 KB].

Reforming the U.S. Youth Minimum Wage

Reforming the U.S. Youth Minimum Wage. Manhattan Institute for Policy Research. Preston Cooper. August 9, 2016.

According to the author, unemployment among U.S. teenagers now stands at 16 percent. Raising the minimum wage, as many are advocating, will only make the situation worse. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 24 pages, 1.15 MB].

Views on National Economies Mixed as Many Countries Continue to Struggle

Views on National Economies Mixed as Many Countries Continue to Struggle. Pew Research Center. Margaret Vice. August 9, 2016.

Almost a decade after the global financial crisis rattled national economies, many in the world feel their respective countries’ economies remain weak.The survey reveals a bleak picture in parts of Europe, with more than eight-in-ten in Greece, France and Spain describing their country’s economic situation as bad. This gloom is not shared by all in the European Union, however – most Swedes, Germans and Dutch say their economy is doing well. And in China, India and Australia, views are mostly positive. [Note: contains copyrighted material].

[PDF format, 13 pages, 151.86 KB].